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file.c

//%Header {
/*****************************************************************************
 *
 * File: src/MushRuby/file.c (ruby)
 *
 * This file has been taken the ruby distribution and may have been modified.
 * For more information on the original see http://www.ruby-lang.org/.
 *
 * This file may contain original work and modifications by Andy Southgate.
 * In regard to these the author and his employer (Mushware Limited)
 * irrevocably waive all of their copyright rights vested in this particular
 * version of this file to the furthest extent permitted.  The author and
 * Mushware Limited also irrevocably waive any and all of their intellectual
 * property rights arising from said file and its modification and/or additions
 * that would otherwise restrict the rights of any party to use and/or
 * distribute the use of, the techniques and methods used herein.  A written
 * waiver can be obtained via http://www.mushware.com/.  This waiver does not
 * affect the rights of the original author or authors.
 *
 * This software carries NO WARRANTY of any kind from Andy Southgate or
 * Mushware Limited.
 *
 ****************************************************************************/
//%Header } SpLH9TRN7PEF62tmk9Ql1w


/*****************************************************************************
 *
 * This file has been edited from the Ruby original to allow scripts to be
 * loaded where the path includes a world-writable directory
 * 2006-06-22 Andy Southgate
 *
 ****************************************************************************/

/**********************************************************************

  file.c -

 
  $Date: 2007/06/24 21:09:41 $
  created at: Mon Nov 15 12:24:34 JST 1993

  Copyright (C) 1993-2003 Yukihiro Matsumoto
  Copyright (C) 2000  Network Applied Communication Laboratory, Inc.
  Copyright (C) 2000  Information-technology Promotion Agency, Japan

**********************************************************************/

#ifdef _WIN32
#include "missing/file.h"
#endif

#include "ruby.h"
#include "rubyio.h"
#include "rubysig.h"
#include "util.h"
#include "dln.h"

#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_FILE_H
# include <sys/file.h>
#else
int flock _((int, int));
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_PARAM_H
# include <sys/param.h>
#endif
#ifndef MAXPATHLEN
# define MAXPATHLEN 1024
#endif

#include <time.h>

VALUE rb_time_new _((time_t, time_t));

#ifdef HAVE_UTIME_H
#include <utime.h>
#elif defined HAVE_SYS_UTIME_H
#include <sys/utime.h>
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_PWD_H
#include <pwd.h>
#endif

#ifndef HAVE_STRING_H
char *strrchr _((const char*,const char));
#endif

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_MKDEV_H
#include <sys/mkdev.h>
#endif

#if !defined HAVE_LSTAT && !defined lstat
#define lstat stat
#endif
#if !HAVE_FSEEKO && !defined(fseeko)
# define fseeko  fseek
#endif

#ifdef __BEOS__ /* should not change ID if -1 */
static int
be_chown(const char *path, uid_t owner, gid_t group)
{
    if (owner == -1 || group == -1) {
      struct stat st;
      if (stat(path, &st) < 0) return -1;
      if (owner == -1) owner = st.st_uid;
      if (group == -1) group = st.st_gid;
    }
    return chown(path, owner, group);
}
#define chown be_chown
static int
be_fchown(int fd, uid_t owner, gid_t group)
{
    if (owner == -1 || group == -1) {
      struct stat st;
      if (fstat(fd, &st) < 0) return -1;
      if (owner == -1) owner = st.st_uid;
      if (group == -1) group = st.st_gid;
    }
    return fchown(fd, owner, group);
}
#define fchown be_fchown
#endif /* __BEOS__ */

VALUE rb_cFile;
VALUE rb_mFileTest;
static VALUE rb_cStat;

static long apply2files _((void (*)(const char *, void *), VALUE, void *));
static long
apply2files(func, vargs, arg)
    void (*func)_((const char *, void *));
    VALUE vargs;
    void *arg;
{
    long i;
    VALUE path;
    struct RArray *args = RARRAY(vargs);

    for (i=0; i<args->len; i++) {
      path = args->ptr[i];
      SafeStringValue(path);
      (*func)(StringValueCStr(path), arg);
    }

    return args->len;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     file.path -> filename
 *  
 *  Returns the pathname used to create <i>file</i> as a string. Does
 *  not normalize the name.
 *     
 *     File.new("testfile").path               #=> "testfile"
 *     File.new("/tmp/../tmp/xxx", "w").path   #=> "/tmp/../tmp/xxx"
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_path(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    OpenFile *fptr;

    fptr = RFILE(rb_io_taint_check(obj))->fptr;
    rb_io_check_initialized(fptr);
    if (!fptr->path) return Qnil;
    return rb_tainted_str_new2(fptr->path);
}

static VALUE
stat_new_0(klass, st)
    VALUE klass;
    struct stat *st;
{
    struct stat *nst = 0;

    if (st) {
      nst = ALLOC(struct stat);
      *nst = *st;
    }
    return Data_Wrap_Struct(klass, NULL, free, nst);
}

static VALUE
stat_new(st)
    struct stat *st;
{
    return stat_new_0(rb_cStat, st);
}

static struct stat*
get_stat(self)
    VALUE self;
{
    struct stat* st;
    Data_Get_Struct(self, struct stat, st);
    if (!st) rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "uninitialized File::Stat");
    return st;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat <=> other_stat    => -1, 0, 1
 *  
 *  Compares <code>File::Stat</code> objects by comparing their
 *  respective modification times.
 *     
 *     f1 = File.new("f1", "w")
 *     sleep 1
 *     f2 = File.new("f2", "w")
 *     f1.stat <=> f2.stat   #=> -1
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_cmp(self, other)
    VALUE self, other;
{
    if (rb_obj_is_kind_of(other, rb_obj_class(self))) {
      time_t t1 = get_stat(self)->st_mtime;
      time_t t2 = get_stat(other)->st_mtime;
      if (t1 == t2)
          return INT2FIX(0);
      else if (t1 < t2)
          return INT2FIX(-1);
      else
          return INT2FIX(1);
    }
    return Qnil;
}

static VALUE rb_stat_dev _((VALUE));
static VALUE rb_stat_ino _((VALUE));
static VALUE rb_stat_mode _((VALUE));
static VALUE rb_stat_nlink _((VALUE));
static VALUE rb_stat_uid _((VALUE));
static VALUE rb_stat_gid _((VALUE));
static VALUE rb_stat_rdev _((VALUE));
static VALUE rb_stat_size _((VALUE));
static VALUE rb_stat_blksize _((VALUE));
static VALUE rb_stat_blocks _((VALUE));
static VALUE rb_stat_atime _((VALUE));
static VALUE rb_stat_mtime _((VALUE));
static VALUE rb_stat_ctime _((VALUE));

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.dev    => fixnum
 *  
 *  Returns an integer representing the device on which <i>stat</i>
 *  resides.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").dev   #=> 774
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_dev(self)
    VALUE self;
{
    return INT2NUM(get_stat(self)->st_dev);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.dev_major   => fixnum
 *  
 *  Returns the major part of <code>File_Stat#dev</code> or
 *  <code>nil</code>.
 *     
 *     File.stat("/dev/fd1").dev_major   #=> 2
 *     File.stat("/dev/tty").dev_major   #=> 5
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_dev_major(self)
    VALUE self;
{
#if defined(major)
    long dev = get_stat(self)->st_dev;
    return ULONG2NUM(major(dev));
#else
    return Qnil;
#endif
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.dev_minor   => fixnum
 *  
 *  Returns the minor part of <code>File_Stat#dev</code> or
 *  <code>nil</code>.
 *     
 *     File.stat("/dev/fd1").dev_minor   #=> 1
 *     File.stat("/dev/tty").dev_minor   #=> 0
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_dev_minor(self)
    VALUE self;
{
#if defined(minor)
    long dev = get_stat(self)->st_dev;
    return ULONG2NUM(minor(dev));
#else
    return Qnil;
#endif
}


/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.ino   => fixnum
 *  
 *  Returns the inode number for <i>stat</i>.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").ino   #=> 1083669
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_ino(self)
    VALUE self;
{
#ifdef HUGE_ST_INO
    return ULL2NUM(get_stat(self)->st_ino);
#else
    return ULONG2NUM(get_stat(self)->st_ino);
#endif
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.mode   => fixnum
 *  
 *  Returns an integer representing the permission bits of
 *  <i>stat</i>. The meaning of the bits is platform dependent; on
 *  Unix systems, see <code>stat(2)</code>.
 *     
 *     File.chmod(0644, "testfile")   #=> 1
 *     s = File.stat("testfile")
 *     sprintf("%o", s.mode)          #=> "100644"
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_mode(self)
    VALUE self;
{
#ifdef __BORLANDC__
    return UINT2NUM((unsigned short)(get_stat(self)->st_mode));
#else
    return UINT2NUM(get_stat(self)->st_mode);
#endif
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.nlink   => fixnum
 *  
 *  Returns the number of hard links to <i>stat</i>.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").nlink             #=> 1
 *     File.link("testfile", "testfile.bak")   #=> 0
 *     File.stat("testfile").nlink             #=> 2
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_nlink(self)
    VALUE self;
{
    return UINT2NUM(get_stat(self)->st_nlink);
}


/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.uid    => fixnum
 *  
 *  Returns the numeric user id of the owner of <i>stat</i>.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").uid   #=> 501
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_uid(self)
    VALUE self;
{
    return UINT2NUM(get_stat(self)->st_uid);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.gid   => fixnum
 *  
 *  Returns the numeric group id of the owner of <i>stat</i>.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").gid   #=> 500
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_gid(self)
    VALUE self;
{
    return UINT2NUM(get_stat(self)->st_gid);
}


/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.rdev   =>  fixnum or nil
 *  
 *  Returns an integer representing the device type on which
 *  <i>stat</i> resides. Returns <code>nil</code> if the operating
 *  system doesn't support this feature.
 *     
 *     File.stat("/dev/fd1").rdev   #=> 513
 *     File.stat("/dev/tty").rdev   #=> 1280
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_rdev(self)
    VALUE self;
{
#ifdef HAVE_ST_RDEV
    return ULONG2NUM(get_stat(self)->st_rdev);
#else
    return Qnil;
#endif
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.rdev_major   => fixnum
 *  
 *  Returns the major part of <code>File_Stat#rdev</code> or
 *  <code>nil</code>.
 *     
 *     File.stat("/dev/fd1").rdev_major   #=> 2
 *     File.stat("/dev/tty").rdev_major   #=> 5
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_rdev_major(self)
    VALUE self;
{
#if defined(HAVE_ST_RDEV) && defined(major)
    long rdev = get_stat(self)->st_rdev;
    return ULONG2NUM(major(rdev));
#else
    return Qnil;
#endif
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.rdev_minor   => fixnum
 *  
 *  Returns the minor part of <code>File_Stat#rdev</code> or
 *  <code>nil</code>.
 *     
 *     File.stat("/dev/fd1").rdev_minor   #=> 1
 *     File.stat("/dev/tty").rdev_minor   #=> 0
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_rdev_minor(self)
    VALUE self;
{
#if defined(HAVE_ST_RDEV) && defined(minor)
    long rdev = get_stat(self)->st_rdev;
    return ULONG2NUM(minor(rdev));
#else
    return Qnil;
#endif
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.size    => fixnum
 *  
 *  Returns the size of <i>stat</i> in bytes.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").size   #=> 66
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_size(self)
    VALUE self;
{
    return OFFT2NUM(get_stat(self)->st_size);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.blksize   => integer or nil
 *  
 *  Returns the native file system's block size. Will return <code>nil</code>
 *  on platforms that don't support this information.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").blksize   #=> 4096
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_blksize(self)
    VALUE self;
{
#ifdef HAVE_ST_BLKSIZE
    return ULONG2NUM(get_stat(self)->st_blksize);
#else
    return Qnil;
#endif
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.blocks    => integer or nil
 *  
 *  Returns the number of native file system blocks allocated for this
 *  file, or <code>nil</code> if the operating system doesn't 
 *  support this feature.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").blocks   #=> 2
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_blocks(self)
    VALUE self;
{
#ifdef HAVE_ST_BLOCKS
    return ULONG2NUM(get_stat(self)->st_blocks);
#else
    return Qnil;
#endif
}


/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.atime   => time
 *  
 *  Returns the last access time for this file as an object of class
 *  <code>Time</code>.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").atime   #=> Wed Dec 31 18:00:00 CST 1969
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_atime(self)
    VALUE self;
{
    return rb_time_new(get_stat(self)->st_atime, 0);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.mtime -> aTime
 *  
 *  Returns the modification time of <i>stat</i>.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").mtime   #=> Wed Apr 09 08:53:14 CDT 2003
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_mtime(self)
    VALUE self;
{
    return rb_time_new(get_stat(self)->st_mtime, 0);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.ctime -> aTime
 *  
 *  Returns the change time for <i>stat</i> (that is, the time
 *  directory information about the file was changed, not the file
 *  itself).
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").ctime   #=> Wed Apr 09 08:53:14 CDT 2003
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_ctime(self)
    VALUE self;
{
    return rb_time_new(get_stat(self)->st_ctime, 0);
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   stat.inspect  =>  string
 *
 * Produce a nicely formatted description of <i>stat</i>.
 *
 *   File.stat("/etc/passwd").inspect
 *      #=> "#<File::Stat dev=0xe000005, ino=1078078, mode=0100644, 
 *           nlink=1, uid=0, gid=0, rdev=0x0, size=1374, blksize=4096, 
 *           blocks=8, atime=Wed Dec 10 10:16:12 CST 2003, 
 *           mtime=Fri Sep 12 15:41:41 CDT 2003, 
 *           ctime=Mon Oct 27 11:20:27 CST 2003>"
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_inspect(self)
    VALUE self;
{
    VALUE str;
    int i;
    static const struct {
      const char *name;
      VALUE (*func)_((VALUE));
    } member[] = {
      {"dev",         rb_stat_dev},
      {"ino",         rb_stat_ino},
      {"mode",    rb_stat_mode},
      {"nlink",   rb_stat_nlink},
      {"uid",         rb_stat_uid},
      {"gid",         rb_stat_gid},
      {"rdev",    rb_stat_rdev},
      {"size",    rb_stat_size},
      {"blksize", rb_stat_blksize},
      {"blocks",  rb_stat_blocks},
      {"atime",   rb_stat_atime},
      {"mtime",   rb_stat_mtime},
      {"ctime",   rb_stat_ctime},
    };

    str = rb_str_buf_new2("#<");
    rb_str_buf_cat2(str, rb_obj_classname(self));
    rb_str_buf_cat2(str, " ");

    for (i = 0; i < sizeof(member)/sizeof(member[0]); i++) {
      VALUE v;

      if (i > 0) {
          rb_str_buf_cat2(str, ", ");
      }
      rb_str_buf_cat2(str, member[i].name);
      rb_str_buf_cat2(str, "=");
      v = (*member[i].func)(self);
      if (i == 2) {           /* mode */
          char buf[32];

          sprintf(buf, "0%lo", NUM2ULONG(v));
          rb_str_buf_cat2(str, buf);
      }
      else if (i == 0 || i == 6) { /* dev/rdev */
          char buf[32];

          sprintf(buf, "0x%lx", NUM2ULONG(v));
          rb_str_buf_cat2(str, buf);
      }
      else {
          rb_str_append(str, rb_inspect(v));
      }
    }
    rb_str_buf_cat2(str, ">");
    OBJ_INFECT(str, self);

    return str;
}

static int
rb_stat(file, st)
    VALUE file;
    struct stat *st;
{
    VALUE tmp;

    tmp = rb_check_convert_type(file, T_FILE, "IO", "to_io");
    if (!NIL_P(tmp)) {
      OpenFile *fptr;

    rb_secure(2);
        
      GetOpenFile(tmp, fptr);
      return fstat(fileno(fptr->f), st);
    }
    SafeStringValue(file);
    return stat(StringValueCStr(file), st);
}

#ifdef _WIN32
static HANDLE
w32_io_info(file, st)
    VALUE *file;
    BY_HANDLE_FILE_INFORMATION *st;
{
    VALUE tmp;
    HANDLE f, ret = 0;

    tmp = rb_check_convert_type(*file, T_FILE, "IO", "to_io");
    if (!NIL_P(tmp)) {
      OpenFile *fptr;

      GetOpenFile(tmp, fptr);
      f = (HANDLE)rb_w32_get_osfhandle(fileno(fptr->f));
      if (f == (HANDLE)-1) return INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
    }
    else {
      SafeStringValue(*file);
      f = CreateFile(StringValueCStr(*file), 0,
                     FILE_SHARE_READ | FILE_SHARE_WRITE, NULL, OPEN_EXISTING,
                     rb_w32_iswin95() ? 0 : FILE_FLAG_BACKUP_SEMANTICS, NULL);
      if (f == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) return f;
      ret = f;
    }
    if (GetFileType(f) == FILE_TYPE_DISK) {
      ZeroMemory(st, sizeof(*st));
      if (GetFileInformationByHandle(f, st)) return ret;
    }
    if (ret) CloseHandle(ret);
    return INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
}
#endif

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.stat(file_name)   =>  stat
 *  
 *  Returns a <code>File::Stat</code> object for the named file (see
 *  <code>File::Stat</code>).
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").mtime   #=> Tue Apr 08 12:58:04 CDT 2003
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_stat(klass, fname)
    VALUE klass, fname;
{
    struct stat st;

    SafeStringValue(fname);
    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) {
      rb_sys_fail(StringValueCStr(fname));
    }
    return stat_new(&st);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     ios.stat    => stat
 *  
 *  Returns status information for <em>ios</em> as an object of type
 *  <code>File::Stat</code>.
 *     
 *     f = File.new("testfile")
 *     s = f.stat
 *     "%o" % s.mode   #=> "100644"
 *     s.blksize       #=> 4096
 *     s.atime         #=> Wed Apr 09 08:53:54 CDT 2003
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_io_stat(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    OpenFile *fptr;
    struct stat st;

    GetOpenFile(obj, fptr);
    if (fstat(fileno(fptr->f), &st) == -1) {
      rb_sys_fail(fptr->path);
    }
    return stat_new(&st);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.lstat(file_name)   => stat
 *  
 *  Same as <code>File::stat</code>, but does not follow the last symbolic
 *  link. Instead, reports on the link itself.
 *     
 *     File.symlink("testfile", "link2test")   #=> 0
 *     File.stat("testfile").size              #=> 66
 *     File.lstat("link2test").size            #=> 8
 *     File.stat("link2test").size             #=> 66
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_lstat(klass, fname)
    VALUE klass, fname;
{
#ifdef HAVE_LSTAT
    struct stat st;

    SafeStringValue(fname);
    if (lstat(StringValueCStr(fname), &st) == -1) {
      rb_sys_fail(RSTRING(fname)->ptr);
    }
    return stat_new(&st);
#else
    return rb_file_s_stat(klass, fname);
#endif
}


/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     file.lstat   =>  stat
 *  
 *  Same as <code>IO#stat</code>, but does not follow the last symbolic
 *  link. Instead, reports on the link itself.
 *     
 *     File.symlink("testfile", "link2test")   #=> 0
 *     File.stat("testfile").size              #=> 66
 *     f = File.new("link2test")
 *     f.lstat.size                            #=> 8
 *     f.stat.size                             #=> 66
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_lstat(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
#ifdef HAVE_LSTAT
    OpenFile *fptr;
    struct stat st;

    rb_secure(2);
    GetOpenFile(obj, fptr);
    if (!fptr->path) return Qnil;
    if (lstat(fptr->path, &st) == -1) {
      rb_sys_fail(fptr->path);
    }
    return stat_new(&st);
#else
    return rb_io_stat(obj);
#endif
}

static int
rb_group_member(gid) /* Mushware renamed group_member 2007-06-24 */
    GETGROUPS_T gid;
{
#ifndef _WIN32
    if (getgid() ==  gid)
      return Qtrue;

# ifdef HAVE_GETGROUPS
#  ifndef NGROUPS
#   ifdef NGROUPS_MAX
#    define NGROUPS NGROUPS_MAX
#   else
#    define NGROUPS 32
#   endif
#  endif
    {
      GETGROUPS_T gary[NGROUPS];
      int anum;

      anum = getgroups(NGROUPS, gary);
      while (--anum >= 0)
          if (gary[anum] == gid)
            return Qtrue;
    }
# endif
#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

#ifndef S_IXUGO
#  define S_IXUGO       (S_IXUSR | S_IXGRP | S_IXOTH)
#endif

int
eaccess(path, mode)
     const char *path;
     int mode;
{
#if defined(S_IXGRP) && !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
    struct stat st;
    int euid;

    if (stat(path, &st) < 0) return -1;

    euid = geteuid();

    if (euid == 0) {
      /* Root can read or write any file. */
      if (!(mode & X_OK))
          return 0;

      /* Root can execute any file that has any one of the execute
         bits set. */
      if (st.st_mode & S_IXUGO)
          return 0;

      return -1;
    }

    if (st.st_uid == euid)        /* owner */
      mode <<= 6;
    else if (getegid() == st.st_gid || rb_group_member(st.st_gid)) /* Mushware renamed group_member 2007-06-24 */
      mode <<= 3;

    if ((st.st_mode & mode) == mode) return 0;

    return -1;
#else
    return access(path, mode);
#endif
}


/*
 * Document-class: FileTest
 *
 *  <code>FileTest</code> implements file test operations similar to
 *  those used in <code>File::Stat</code>. It exists as a standalone
 *  module, and its methods are also insinuated into the <code>File</code>
 *  class. (Note that this is not done by inclusion: the interpreter cheats).
 *     
 */


/*
 * call-seq:
 *   File.directory?(file_name)   =>  true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file is a directory,
 * <code>false</code> otherwise.
 *
 *    File.directory?(".")
 */

static VALUE
test_d(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
#ifndef S_ISDIR
#   define S_ISDIR(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFDIR)
#endif

    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   File.pipe?(file_name)   =>  true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file is a pipe.
 */

static VALUE
test_p(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
#ifdef S_IFIFO
#  ifndef S_ISFIFO
#    define S_ISFIFO(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFIFO)
#  endif

    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (S_ISFIFO(st.st_mode)) return Qtrue;

#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   File.symlink?(file_name)   =>  true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file is a symbolic link.
 */

static VALUE
test_l(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
#ifndef S_ISLNK
#  ifdef _S_ISLNK
#    define S_ISLNK(m) _S_ISLNK(m)
#  elif defined __BORLANDC__
#    ifdef _S_IFLNK
#      define S_ISLNK(m) (((unsigned short)(m) & S_IFMT) == _S_IFLNK)
#    else
#      ifdef S_IFLNK
#        define S_ISLNK(m) (((unsigned short)(m) & S_IFMT) == S_IFLNK)
#      endif
#    endif
#  else
#    ifdef _S_IFLNK
#      define S_ISLNK(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == _S_IFLNK)
#    else
#      ifdef S_IFLNK
#      define S_ISLNK(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFLNK)
#      endif
#    endif
#  endif
#endif

#ifdef S_ISLNK
    struct stat st;

    SafeStringValue(fname);
    if (lstat(StringValueCStr(fname), &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (S_ISLNK(st.st_mode)) return Qtrue;
#endif

    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   File.socket?(file_name)   =>  true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file is a socket.
 */

static VALUE
test_S(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
#ifndef S_ISSOCK
#  ifdef _S_ISSOCK
#    define S_ISSOCK(m) _S_ISSOCK(m)
#  elif defined __BORLANDC__
#    ifdef _S_IFSOCK
#      define S_ISSOCK(m) (((unsigned short)(m) & S_IFMT) == _S_IFSOCK)
#    else
#      ifdef S_IFSOCK
#        define S_ISSOCK(m) (((unsigned short)(m) & S_IFMT) == S_IFSOCK)
#      endif
#    endif
#  else
#    ifdef _S_IFSOCK
#      define S_ISSOCK(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == _S_IFSOCK)
#    else
#      ifdef S_IFSOCK
#      define S_ISSOCK(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFSOCK)
#      endif
#    endif
#  endif
#endif

#ifdef S_ISSOCK
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (S_ISSOCK(st.st_mode)) return Qtrue;

#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   File.blockdev?(file_name)   =>  true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file is a block device.
 */

static VALUE
test_b(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
#ifndef S_ISBLK
#   ifdef S_IFBLK
#     define S_ISBLK(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFBLK)
#   else
#     define S_ISBLK(m) (0)  /* anytime false */
#   endif
#endif

#ifdef S_ISBLK
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (S_ISBLK(st.st_mode)) return Qtrue;

#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   File.chardev?(file_name)   =>  true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file is a character device.
 */
static VALUE
test_c(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
#ifndef S_ISCHR
#   define S_ISCHR(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFCHR)
#endif

    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (S_ISCHR(st.st_mode)) return Qtrue;

    return Qfalse;
}


/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.exist?(file_name)    =>  true or false
 *    File.exists?(file_name)   =>  true or false    (obsolete)
 *
 * Return <code>true</code> if the named file exists.
 */

static VALUE
test_e(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.readable?(file_name)   => true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file is readable by the effective
 * user id of this process.
 */

static VALUE
test_r(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    SafeStringValue(fname);
    if (eaccess(StringValueCStr(fname), R_OK) < 0) return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.readable_real?(file_name)   => true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file is readable by the real
 * user id of this process.
 */

static VALUE
test_R(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    SafeStringValue(fname);
    if (access(StringValueCStr(fname), R_OK) < 0) return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}


/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.writable?(file_name)   => true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file is writable by the effective
 * user id of this process.
 */

static VALUE
test_w(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    SafeStringValue(fname);
    if (eaccess(StringValueCStr(fname), W_OK) < 0) return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.writable_real?(file_name)   => true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file is writable by the real
 * user id of this process.
 */

static VALUE
test_W(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    SafeStringValue(fname);
    if (access(StringValueCStr(fname), W_OK) < 0) return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.executable?(file_name)   => true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file is executable by the effective
 * user id of this process.
 */

static VALUE
test_x(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    SafeStringValue(fname);
    if (eaccess(StringValueCStr(fname), X_OK) < 0) return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.executable_real?(file_name)   => true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file is executable by the real
 * user id of this process.
 */

static VALUE
test_X(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    SafeStringValue(fname);
    if (access(StringValueCStr(fname), X_OK) < 0) return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

#ifndef S_ISREG
#   define S_ISREG(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFREG)
#endif

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.file?(file_name)   => true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file exists and is a
 * regular file.
 */

static VALUE
test_f(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.zero?(file_name)   => true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file exists and has
 * a zero size.
 */

static VALUE
test_z(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (st.st_size == 0) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.file?(file_name)   => integer  or  nil
 *
 * Returns <code>nil</code> if <code>file_name</code> doesn't
 * exist or has zero size, the size of the file otherwise.
 */

static VALUE
test_s(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) return Qnil;
    if (st.st_size == 0) return Qnil;
    return OFFT2NUM(st.st_size);
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.owned?(file_name)   => true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file exists and the
 * effective used id of the calling process is the owner of
 * the file.
 */

static VALUE
test_owned(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (st.st_uid == geteuid()) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

static VALUE
test_rowned(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (st.st_uid == getuid()) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.grpowned?(file_name)   => true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file exists and the
 * effective group id of the calling process is the owner of
 * the file. Returns <code>false</code> on Windows.
 */

static VALUE
test_grpowned(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
#ifndef _WIN32
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (st.st_gid == getegid()) return Qtrue;
#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

#if defined(S_ISUID) || defined(S_ISGID) || defined(S_ISVTX)
static VALUE
check3rdbyte(fname, mode)
    VALUE fname;
    int mode;
{
    struct stat st;

    SafeStringValue(fname);
    if (stat(StringValueCStr(fname), &st) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (st.st_mode & mode) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}
#endif

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   File.setuid?(file_name)   =>  true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file has the setuid bit set.
 */

static VALUE
test_suid(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
#ifdef S_ISUID
    return check3rdbyte(fname, S_ISUID);
#else
    return Qfalse;
#endif
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   File.setgid?(file_name)   =>  true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file has the setgid bit set.
 */

static VALUE
test_sgid(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
#ifdef S_ISGID
    return check3rdbyte(fname, S_ISGID);
#else
    return Qfalse;
#endif
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   File.sticky?(file_name)   =>  true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named file has the sticky bit set.
 */

static VALUE
test_sticky(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
#ifdef S_ISVTX
    return check3rdbyte(fname, S_ISVTX);
#else
    return Qnil;
#endif
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *   File.identical?(file_1, file_2)   =>  true or false
 *
 * Returns <code>true</code> if the named files are identical.
 *
 *     open("a", "w") {}
 *     p File.identical?("a", "a")      #=> true
 *     p File.identical?("a", "./a")    #=> true
 *     File.link("a", "b")
 *     p File.identical?("a", "b")      #=> true
 *     File.symlink("a", "c")
 *     p File.identical?("a", "c")      #=> true
 *     open("d", "w") {}
 *     p File.identical?("a", "d")      #=> false
 */

static VALUE
test_identical(obj, fname1, fname2)
    VALUE obj, fname1, fname2;
{
#ifndef DOSISH
    struct stat st1, st2;

    if (rb_stat(fname1, &st1) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (rb_stat(fname2, &st2) < 0) return Qfalse;
    if (st1.st_dev != st2.st_dev) return Qfalse;
    if (st1.st_ino != st2.st_ino) return Qfalse;
#else
#ifdef _WIN32
    BY_HANDLE_FILE_INFORMATION st1, st2;
    HANDLE f1 = 0, f2 = 0;
#endif

    rb_secure(2);
#ifdef _WIN32
    f1 = w32_io_info(&fname1, &st1);
    if (f1 == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) return Qfalse;
    f2 = w32_io_info(&fname2, &st2);
    if (f1) CloseHandle(f1);
    if (f2 == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) return Qfalse;
    if (f2) CloseHandle(f2);

    if (st1.dwVolumeSerialNumber == st2.dwVolumeSerialNumber &&
      st1.nFileIndexHigh == st2.nFileIndexHigh &&
      st1.nFileIndexLow == st2.nFileIndexLow)
      return Qtrue;
    if (!f1 || !f2) return Qfalse;
    if (rb_w32_iswin95()) return Qfalse;
#else
    SafeStringValue(fname1);
    fname1 = rb_str_new4(fname1);
    SafeStringValue(fname2);
    if (access(RSTRING(fname1)->ptr, 0)) return Qfalse;
    if (access(RSTRING(fname2)->ptr, 0)) return Qfalse;
#endif
    fname1 = rb_file_expand_path(fname1, Qnil);
    fname2 = rb_file_expand_path(fname2, Qnil);
    if (RSTRING(fname1)->len != RSTRING(fname2)->len) return Qfalse;
    if (rb_memcicmp(RSTRING(fname1)->ptr, RSTRING(fname2)->ptr, RSTRING(fname1)->len))
      return Qfalse;
#endif
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    File.size(file_name)   => integer
 *
 * Returns the size of <code>file_name</code>.
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_size(klass, fname)
    VALUE klass, fname;
{
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(StringValueCStr(fname));
    return OFFT2NUM(st.st_size);
}

static VALUE
rb_file_ftype(st)
    struct stat *st;
{
    char *t;

    if (S_ISREG(st->st_mode)) {
      t = "file";
    }
    else if (S_ISDIR(st->st_mode)) {
      t = "directory";
    }
    else if (S_ISCHR(st->st_mode)) {
      t = "characterSpecial";
    }
#ifdef S_ISBLK
    else if (S_ISBLK(st->st_mode)) {
      t = "blockSpecial";
    }
#endif
#ifdef S_ISFIFO
    else if (S_ISFIFO(st->st_mode)) {
      t = "fifo";
    }
#endif
#ifdef S_ISLNK
    else if (S_ISLNK(st->st_mode)) {
      t = "link";
    }
#endif
#ifdef S_ISSOCK
    else if (S_ISSOCK(st->st_mode)) {
      t = "socket";
    }
#endif
    else {
      t = "unknown";
    }

    return rb_str_new2(t);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.ftype(file_name)   => string
 *  
 *  Identifies the type of the named file; the return string is one of
 *  ``<code>file</code>'', ``<code>directory</code>'',
 *  ``<code>characterSpecial</code>'', ``<code>blockSpecial</code>'',
 *  ``<code>fifo</code>'', ``<code>link</code>'',
 *  ``<code>socket</code>'', or ``<code>unknown</code>''.
 *     
 *     File.ftype("testfile")            #=> "file"
 *     File.ftype("/dev/tty")            #=> "characterSpecial"
 *     File.ftype("/tmp/.X11-unix/X0")   #=> "socket"
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_ftype(klass, fname)
    VALUE klass, fname;
{
    struct stat st;

    SafeStringValue(fname);
    if (lstat(StringValueCStr(fname), &st) == -1) {
      rb_sys_fail(RSTRING(fname)->ptr);
    }

    return rb_file_ftype(&st);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.atime(file_name)  =>  time
 *  
 *  Returns the last access time for the named file as a Time object).
 *     
 *     File.atime("testfile")   #=> Wed Apr 09 08:51:48 CDT 2003
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_atime(klass, fname)
    VALUE klass, fname;
{
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(StringValueCStr(fname));
    return rb_time_new(st.st_atime, 0);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     file.atime    => time
 *  
 *  Returns the last access time (a <code>Time</code> object)
 *   for <i>file</i>, or epoch if <i>file</i> has not been accessed.
 *     
 *     File.new("testfile").atime   #=> Wed Dec 31 18:00:00 CST 1969
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_atime(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    OpenFile *fptr;
    struct stat st;

    GetOpenFile(obj, fptr);
    if (fstat(fileno(fptr->f), &st) == -1) {
      rb_sys_fail(fptr->path);
    }
    return rb_time_new(st.st_atime, 0);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.mtime(file_name)  =>  time
 *  
 *  Returns the modification time for the named file as a Time object.
 *     
 *     File.mtime("testfile")   #=> Tue Apr 08 12:58:04 CDT 2003
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_mtime(klass, fname)
    VALUE klass, fname;
{
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(RSTRING(fname)->ptr);
    return rb_time_new(st.st_mtime, 0);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     file.mtime -> time
 *  
 *  Returns the modification time for <i>file</i>.
 *     
 *     File.new("testfile").mtime   #=> Wed Apr 09 08:53:14 CDT 2003
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_mtime(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    OpenFile *fptr;
    struct stat st;

    GetOpenFile(obj, fptr);
    if (fstat(fileno(fptr->f), &st) == -1) {
      rb_sys_fail(fptr->path);
    }
    return rb_time_new(st.st_mtime, 0);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.ctime(file_name)  => time
 *  
 *  Returns the change time for the named file (the time at which
 *  directory information about the file was changed, not the file
 *  itself).
 *     
 *     File.ctime("testfile")   #=> Wed Apr 09 08:53:13 CDT 2003
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_ctime(klass, fname)
    VALUE klass, fname;
{
    struct stat st;

    if (rb_stat(fname, &st) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(RSTRING(fname)->ptr);
    return rb_time_new(st.st_ctime, 0);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     file.ctime -> time
 *  
 *  Returns the change time for <i>file</i> (that is, the time directory
 *  information about the file was changed, not the file itself).
 *     
 *     File.new("testfile").ctime   #=> Wed Apr 09 08:53:14 CDT 2003
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_ctime(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    OpenFile *fptr;
    struct stat st;

    GetOpenFile(obj, fptr);
    if (fstat(fileno(fptr->f), &st) == -1) {
      rb_sys_fail(fptr->path);
    }
    return rb_time_new(st.st_ctime, 0);
}

static void chmod_internal _((const char *, void *));
static void
chmod_internal(path, mode)
    const char *path;
    void *mode;
{
    if (chmod(path, (int)mode) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(path);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.chmod(mode_int, file_name, ... ) -> integer
 *  
 *  Changes permission bits on the named file(s) to the bit pattern
 *  represented by <i>mode_int</i>. Actual effects are operating system
 *  dependent (see the beginning of this section). On Unix systems, see
 *  <code>chmod(2)</code> for details. Returns the number of files
 *  processed.
 *     
 *     File.chmod(0644, "testfile", "out")   #=> 2
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_chmod(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    VALUE vmode;
    VALUE rest;
    int mode;
    long n;

    rb_secure(2);
    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "1*", &vmode, &rest);
    mode = NUM2INT(vmode);

    n = apply2files(chmod_internal, rest, (void *)(long)mode);
    return LONG2FIX(n);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     file.chmod(mode_int)   => 0
 *  
 *  Changes permission bits on <i>file</i> to the bit pattern
 *  represented by <i>mode_int</i>. Actual effects are platform
 *  dependent; on Unix systems, see <code>chmod(2)</code> for details.
 *  Follows symbolic links. Also see <code>File#lchmod</code>.
 *     
 *     f = File.new("out", "w");
 *     f.chmod(0644)   #=> 0
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_chmod(obj, vmode)
    VALUE obj, vmode;
{
    OpenFile *fptr;
    int mode;

    rb_secure(2);
    mode = NUM2INT(vmode);

    GetOpenFile(obj, fptr);
#ifdef HAVE_FCHMOD
    if (fchmod(fileno(fptr->f), mode) == -1)
      rb_sys_fail(fptr->path);
#else
    if (!fptr->path) return Qnil;
    if (chmod(fptr->path, mode) == -1)
      rb_sys_fail(fptr->path);
#endif

    return INT2FIX(0);
}

#if defined(HAVE_LCHMOD)
static void lchmod_internal _((const char *, void *));
static void
lchmod_internal(path, mode)
    const char *path;
    void *mode;
{
    if (lchmod(path, (int)mode) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(path);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.lchmod(mode_int, file_name, ...)  => integer
 *  
 *  Equivalent to <code>File::chmod</code>, but does not follow symbolic
 *  links (so it will change the permissions associated with the link,
 *  not the file referenced by the link). Often not available.
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_lchmod(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    VALUE vmode;
    VALUE rest;
    long mode, n;

    rb_secure(2);
    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "1*", &vmode, &rest);
    mode = NUM2INT(vmode);

    n = apply2files(lchmod_internal, rest, (void *)(long)mode);
    return LONG2FIX(n);
}
#else
static VALUE
rb_file_s_lchmod(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    rb_notimplement();
    return Qnil;        /* not reached */
}
#endif

struct chown_args {
    int owner, group;
};

static void chown_internal _((const char *, void *));
static void
chown_internal(path, argp)
    const char *path;
    void *argp;
{
    struct chown_args *args = (struct chown_args *)argp;
    if (chown(path, args->owner, args->group) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(path);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.chown(owner_int, group_int, file_name,... ) -> integer
 *  
 *  Changes the owner and group of the named file(s) to the given
 *  numeric owner and group id's. Only a process with superuser
 *  privileges may change the owner of a file. The current owner of a
 *  file may change the file's group to any group to which the owner
 *  belongs. A <code>nil</code> or -1 owner or group id is ignored.
 *  Returns the number of files processed.
 *     
 *     File.chown(nil, 100, "testfile")
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_chown(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    VALUE o, g, rest;
    struct chown_args arg;
    long n;

    rb_secure(2);
    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "2*", &o, &g, &rest);
    if (NIL_P(o)) {
      arg.owner = -1;
    }
    else {
      arg.owner = NUM2INT(o);
    }
    if (NIL_P(g)) {
      arg.group = -1;
    }
    else {
      arg.group = NUM2INT(g);
    }

    n = apply2files(chown_internal, rest, &arg);
    return LONG2FIX(n);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     file.chown(owner_int, group_int )   => 0
 *  
 *  Changes the owner and group of <i>file</i> to the given numeric
 *  owner and group id's. Only a process with superuser privileges may
 *  change the owner of a file. The current owner of a file may change
 *  the file's group to any group to which the owner belongs. A
 *  <code>nil</code> or -1 owner or group id is ignored. Follows
 *  symbolic links. See also <code>File#lchown</code>.
 *     
 *     File.new("testfile").chown(502, 1000)
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_chown(obj, owner, group)
    VALUE obj, owner, group;
{
    OpenFile *fptr;
    int o, g;

    rb_secure(2);
    o = NIL_P(owner) ? -1 : NUM2INT(owner);
    g = NIL_P(group) ? -1 : NUM2INT(group);
    GetOpenFile(obj, fptr);
#if defined(DJGPP) || defined(__CYGWIN32__) || defined(_WIN32) || defined(__EMX__)
    if (!fptr->path) return Qnil;
    if (chown(fptr->path, o, g) == -1)
      rb_sys_fail(fptr->path);
#else
    if (fchown(fileno(fptr->f), o, g) == -1)
      rb_sys_fail(fptr->path);
#endif

    return INT2FIX(0);
}

#if defined(HAVE_LCHOWN) && !defined(__CHECKER__)
static void lchown_internal _((const char *, void *));
static void
lchown_internal(path, argp)
    const char *path;
    void *argp;
{
    struct chown_args *args = (struct chown_args *)argp;
    if (lchown(path, args->owner, args->group) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(path);
}


/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     file.lchown(owner_int, group_int, file_name,..) => integer
 *  
 *  Equivalent to <code>File::chown</code>, but does not follow symbolic
 *  links (so it will change the owner associated with the link, not the
 *  file referenced by the link). Often not available. Returns number
 *  of files in the argument list.
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_lchown(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    VALUE o, g, rest;
    struct chown_args arg;
    long n;

    rb_secure(2);
    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "2*", &o, &g, &rest);
    if (NIL_P(o)) {
      arg.owner = -1;
    }
    else {
      arg.owner = NUM2INT(o);
    }
    if (NIL_P(g)) {
      arg.group = -1;
    }
    else {
      arg.group = NUM2INT(g);
    }

    n = apply2files(lchown_internal, rest, &arg);
    return LONG2FIX(n);
}
#else
static VALUE
rb_file_s_lchown(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    rb_notimplement();
}
#endif

struct timeval rb_time_timeval();

static void utime_internal _((const char *, void *));

#if defined(HAVE_UTIMES) && !defined(__CHECKER__)

static void
utime_internal(path, arg)
    const char *path;
    void *arg;
{
    struct timeval *tvp = arg;
    if (utimes(path, tvp) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(path);
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *  File.utime(atime, mtime, file_name,...)   =>  integer
 *
 * Sets the access and modification times of each
 * named file to the first two arguments. Returns
 * the number of file names in the argument list.
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_utime(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    VALUE atime, mtime, rest;
    struct timeval tvp[2];
    long n;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "2*", &atime, &mtime, &rest);

    tvp[0] = rb_time_timeval(atime);
    tvp[1] = rb_time_timeval(mtime);

    n = apply2files(utime_internal, rest, tvp);
    return LONG2FIX(n);
}

#else

#if !defined HAVE_UTIME_H && !defined HAVE_SYS_UTIME_H
struct utimbuf {
    long actime;
    long modtime;
};
#endif

static void
utime_internal(path, arg)
    const char *path;
    void *arg;
{
    struct utimbuf *utp = arg;
    if (utime(path, utp) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(path);
}

static VALUE
rb_file_s_utime(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    VALUE atime, mtime, rest;
    long n;
    struct timeval tv;
    struct utimbuf utbuf;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "2*", &atime, &mtime, &rest);

    tv = rb_time_timeval(atime);
    utbuf.actime = tv.tv_sec;
    tv = rb_time_timeval(mtime);
    utbuf.modtime = tv.tv_sec;

    n = apply2files(utime_internal, rest, &utbuf);
    return LONG2FIX(n);
}

#endif

NORETURN(static void sys_fail2 _((VALUE,VALUE)));
static void
sys_fail2(s1, s2)
    VALUE s1, s2;
{
    char *buf;
    int len;

    len = RSTRING(s1)->len + RSTRING(s2)->len + 5;
    buf = ALLOCA_N(char, len);
    snprintf(buf, len, "%s or %s", RSTRING(s1)->ptr, RSTRING(s2)->ptr);
    rb_sys_fail(buf);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.link(old_name, new_name)    => 0
 *  
 *  Creates a new name for an existing file using a hard link. Will not
 *  overwrite <i>new_name</i> if it already exists (raising a subclass
 *  of <code>SystemCallError</code>). Not available on all platforms.
 *     
 *     File.link("testfile", ".testfile")   #=> 0
 *     IO.readlines(".testfile")[0]         #=> "This is line one\n"
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_link(klass, from, to)
    VALUE klass, from, to;
{
#ifdef HAVE_LINK
    SafeStringValue(from);
    SafeStringValue(to);

    if (link(StringValueCStr(from), StringValueCStr(to)) < 0) {
      sys_fail2(from, to);
    }
    return INT2FIX(0);
#else
    rb_notimplement();
    return Qnil;        /* not reached */
#endif
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.symlink(old_name, new_name)   => 0
 *  
 *  Creates a symbolic link called <i>new_name</i> for the existing file
 *  <i>old_name</i>. Raises a <code>NotImplemented</code> exception on
 *  platforms that do not support symbolic links.
 *     
 *     File.symlink("testfile", "link2test")   #=> 0
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_symlink(klass, from, to)
    VALUE klass, from, to;
{
#ifdef HAVE_SYMLINK
    SafeStringValue(from);
    SafeStringValue(to);

    if (symlink(StringValueCStr(from), StringValueCStr(to)) < 0) {
      sys_fail2(from, to);
    }
    return INT2FIX(0);
#else
    rb_notimplement();
    return Qnil;        /* not reached */
#endif
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.readlink(link_name) -> file_name
 *  
 *  Returns the name of the file referenced by the given link.
 *  Not available on all platforms.
 *     
 *     File.symlink("testfile", "link2test")   #=> 0
 *     File.readlink("link2test")              #=> "testfile"
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_readlink(klass, path)
    VALUE klass, path;
{
#ifdef HAVE_READLINK
    char *buf;
    int size = 100;
    int rv;
    VALUE v;

    SafeStringValue(path);
    buf = xmalloc(size);
    while ((rv = readlink(RSTRING(path)->ptr, buf, size)) == size
#ifdef _AIX
          || (rv < 0 && errno == ERANGE) /* quirky behavior of GPFS */
#endif
      ) {
      size *= 2;
      buf = xrealloc(buf, size);
    }
    if (rv < 0) {
      free(buf);
      rb_sys_fail(RSTRING(path)->ptr);
    }
    v = rb_tainted_str_new(buf, rv);
    free(buf);

    return v;
#else
    rb_notimplement();
    return Qnil;        /* not reached */
#endif
}

static void unlink_internal _((const char *, void *));
static void
unlink_internal(path, arg)
    const char *path;
    void *arg;
{
    if (unlink(path) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(path);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.delete(file_name, ...)  => integer
 *     File.unlink(file_name, ...)  => integer
 *  
 *  Deletes the named files, returning the number of names
 *  passed as arguments. Raises an exception on any error.
 *  See also <code>Dir::rmdir</code>.
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_unlink(klass, args)
    VALUE klass, args;
{
    long n;

    rb_secure(2);
    n = apply2files(unlink_internal, args, 0);
    return LONG2FIX(n);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.rename(old_name, new_name)   => 0
 *  
 *  Renames the given file to the new name. Raises a
 *  <code>SystemCallError</code> if the file cannot be renamed.
 *     
 *     File.rename("afile", "afile.bak")   #=> 0
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_rename(klass, from, to)
    VALUE klass, from, to;
{
    const char *src, *dst;
    SafeStringValue(from);
    SafeStringValue(to);

    src = StringValueCStr(from);
    dst = StringValueCStr(to);
    if (rename(src, dst) < 0) {
#if defined __CYGWIN__
      extern unsigned long __attribute__((stdcall)) GetLastError();
      errno = GetLastError(); /* This is a Cygwin bug */
#elif defined DOSISH && !defined _WIN32
      if (errno == EEXIST
#if defined (__EMX__)
          || errno == EACCES
#endif
          ) {
          if (chmod(dst, 0666) == 0 &&
            unlink(dst) == 0 &&
            rename(src, dst) == 0)
            return INT2FIX(0);
      }
#endif
      sys_fail2(from, to);
    }

    return INT2FIX(0);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.umask()          => integer
 *     File.umask(integer)   => integer
 *  
 *  Returns the current umask value for this process. If the optional
 *  argument is given, set the umask to that value and return the
 *  previous value. Umask values are <em>subtracted</em> from the
 *  default permissions, so a umask of <code>0222</code> would make a
 *  file read-only for everyone.
 *     
 *     File.umask(0006)   #=> 18
 *     File.umask         #=> 6
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_umask(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    int omask = 0;

    rb_secure(2);
    if (argc == 0) {
      omask = umask(0);
      umask(omask);
    }
    else if (argc == 1) {
      omask = umask(NUM2INT(argv[0]));
    }
    else {
      rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments");
    }
    return INT2FIX(omask);
}

#if defined DOSISH
#define DOSISH_UNC
#define isdirsep(x) ((x) == '/' || (x) == '\\')
#else
#define isdirsep(x) ((x) == '/')
#endif
#ifndef CharNext        /* defined as CharNext[AW] on Windows. */
# if defined(DJGPP)
#   define CharNext(p) ((p) + mblen(p, MB_CUR_MAX))
# else
#   define CharNext(p) ((p) + 1)
# endif
#endif

#ifdef __CYGWIN__
#undef DOSISH
#define DOSISH_UNC
#define DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER
#endif

#ifdef DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER
static inline int
has_drive_letter(buf)
    const char *buf;
{
    if (ISALPHA(buf[0]) && buf[1] == ':') {
      return 1;
    }
    else {
      return 0;
    }
}

static char*
getcwdofdrv(drv)
    int drv;
{
    char drive[4];
    char *drvcwd, *oldcwd;

    drive[0] = drv;
    drive[1] = ':';
    drive[2] = '\0';

    /* the only way that I know to get the current directory
       of a particular drive is to change chdir() to that drive,
       so save the old cwd before chdir()
    */
    oldcwd = my_getcwd();
    if (chdir(drive) == 0) {
      drvcwd = my_getcwd();
      chdir(oldcwd);
      free(oldcwd);
    }
    else {
      /* perhaps the drive is not exist. we return only drive letter */
      drvcwd = strdup(drive);
    }
    return drvcwd;
}
#endif

static inline char *
skiproot(path)
    const char *path;
{
#ifdef DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER
    if (has_drive_letter(path)) path += 2;
#endif
    while (isdirsep(*path)) path++;
    return (char *)path;
}

#define nextdirsep rb_path_next
char *
rb_path_next(s)
    const char *s;
{
    while (*s && !isdirsep(*s)) {
      s = CharNext(s);
    }
    return (char *)s;
}

#if defined(DOSISH_UNC) || defined(DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER) 
#define skipprefix rb_path_skip_prefix
#else
#define skipprefix(path) (path)
#endif
char *
rb_path_skip_prefix(path)
    const char *path;
{
#if defined(DOSISH_UNC) || defined(DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER) 
#ifdef DOSISH_UNC
    if (isdirsep(path[0]) && isdirsep(path[1])) {
      path += 2;
      while (isdirsep(*path)) path++;
      if (*(path = nextdirsep(path)) && path[1] && !isdirsep(path[1]))
          path = nextdirsep(path + 1);
      return (char *)path;
    }
#endif
#ifdef DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER
    if (has_drive_letter(path))
      return (char *)(path + 2);
#endif
#endif
    return (char *)path;
}

#define strrdirsep rb_path_last_separator
char *
rb_path_last_separator(path)
    const char *path;
{
    char *last = NULL;
    while (*path) {
      if (isdirsep(*path)) {
          const char *tmp = path++;
          while (isdirsep(*path)) path++;
          if (!*path) break;
          last = (char *)tmp;
      }
      else {
          path = CharNext(path);
      }
    }
    return last;
}

#define chompdirsep rb_path_end
char *
rb_path_end(path)
    const char *path;
{
    while (*path) {
      if (isdirsep(*path)) {
          const char *last = path++;
          while (isdirsep(*path)) path++;
          if (!*path) return (char *)last;
      }
      else {
          path = CharNext(path);
      }
    }
    return (char *)path;
}

#define BUFCHECK(cond) do {\
    long bdiff = p - buf;\
    while (cond) {\
      buflen *= 2;\
    }\
    rb_str_resize(result, buflen);\
    buf = RSTRING(result)->ptr;\
    p = buf + bdiff;\
    pend = buf + buflen;\
} while (0)

#define BUFINIT() (\
    p = buf = RSTRING(result)->ptr,\
    buflen = RSTRING(result)->len,\
    pend = p + buflen)

#if !defined(TOLOWER)
#define TOLOWER(c) (ISUPPER(c) ? tolower(c) : (c))
#endif

static int is_absolute_path _((const char*));

static VALUE
file_expand_path(fname, dname, result)
    VALUE fname, dname, result;
{
    char *s, *buf, *b, *p, *pend, *root;
    long buflen, dirlen;
    int tainted;

    s = StringValuePtr(fname);
    BUFINIT();
    tainted = OBJ_TAINTED(fname);

    if (s[0] == '~') {
      if (isdirsep(s[1]) || s[1] == '\0') {
          char *dir = getenv("HOME");

          if (!dir) {
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "couldn't find HOME environment -- expanding `%s'", s);
          }
          dirlen = strlen(dir);
          BUFCHECK(dirlen > buflen);
          strcpy(buf, dir);
#if defined DOSISH || defined __CYGWIN__
          for (p = buf; *p; p = CharNext(p)) {
            if (*p == '\\') {
                *p = '/';
            }
          }
#else
          p = buf + strlen(dir);
#endif
          s++;
          tainted = 1;
      }
      else {
#ifdef HAVE_PWD_H
          struct passwd *pwPtr;
          s++;
#endif
          s = nextdirsep(b = s);
          BUFCHECK(bdiff + (s-b) >= buflen);
          memcpy(p, b, s-b);
          p += s-b;
          *p = '\0';
#ifdef HAVE_PWD_H
          pwPtr = getpwnam(buf);
          if (!pwPtr) {
            endpwent();
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "user %s doesn't exist", buf);
          }
          dirlen = strlen(pwPtr->pw_dir);
          BUFCHECK(dirlen > buflen);
          strcpy(buf, pwPtr->pw_dir);
          p = buf + strlen(pwPtr->pw_dir);
          endpwent();
#endif
      }
    }
#ifdef DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER
    /* skip drive letter */
    else if (has_drive_letter(s)) {
      if (isdirsep(s[2])) {
          /* specified drive letter, and full path */
          /* skip drive letter */
          BUFCHECK(bdiff + 2 >= buflen);
          memcpy(p, s, 2);
          p += 2;
          s += 2;
      }
      else {
          /* specified drive, but not full path */
          int same = 0;
          if (!NIL_P(dname)) {
            file_expand_path(dname, Qnil, result);
            BUFINIT();
            if (has_drive_letter(p) && TOLOWER(p[0]) == TOLOWER(s[0])) {
                /* ok, same drive */
                same = 1;
            }
          }
          if (!same) {
            char *dir = getcwdofdrv(*s);

            tainted = 1;
            dirlen = strlen(dir);
            BUFCHECK(dirlen > buflen);
            strcpy(buf, dir);
            free(dir);
          }
          p = chompdirsep(skiproot(buf));
          s += 2;
      }
    }
#endif
    else if (!is_absolute_path(s)) {
      if (!NIL_P(dname)) {
          file_expand_path(dname, Qnil, result);
          BUFINIT();
      }
      else {
          char *dir = my_getcwd();

          tainted = 1;
          dirlen = strlen(dir);
          BUFCHECK(dirlen > buflen);
          strcpy(buf, dir);
          free(dir);
      }
#if defined DOSISH || defined __CYGWIN__
      if (isdirsep(*s)) {
          /* specified full path, but not drive letter nor UNC */
          /* we need to get the drive letter or UNC share name */
          p = skipprefix(buf);
      }
      else
#endif
          p = chompdirsep(skiproot(buf));
    }
    else {
      b = s;
      do s++; while (isdirsep(*s));
      p = buf + (s - b);
      BUFCHECK(bdiff >= buflen);
      memset(buf, '/', p - buf);
    }
    if (p > buf && p[-1] == '/')
      --p;
    else
      *p = '/';

    p[1] = 0;
    root = skipprefix(buf);

    b = s;
    while (*s) {
      switch (*s) {
        case '.':
          if (b == s++) {     /* beginning of path element */
            switch (*s) {
              case '\0':
                b = s;
                break;
              case '.':
                if (*(s+1) == '\0' || isdirsep(*(s+1))) {
                  /* We must go back to the parent */
                  *p = '\0';
                  if (!(b = strrdirsep(root))) {
                      *p = '/';
                  }
                  else {
                      p = b;
                  }
                  b = ++s;
                }
                break;
              case '/':
#if defined DOSISH || defined __CYGWIN__
              case '\\':
#endif
                b = ++s;
                break;
              default:
                /* ordinary path element, beginning don't move */
                break;
            }
          }
          break;
        case '/':
#if defined DOSISH || defined __CYGWIN__
        case '\\':
#endif
          if (s > b) {
            long rootdiff = root - buf;
            BUFCHECK(bdiff + (s-b+1) >= buflen);
            root = buf + rootdiff;
            memcpy(++p, b, s-b);
            p += s-b;
            *p = '/';
          }
          b = ++s;
          break;
        default:
          s = CharNext(s);
          break;
      }
    }

    if (s > b) {
      BUFCHECK(bdiff + (s-b) >= buflen);
      memcpy(++p, b, s-b);
      p += s-b;
    }
    if (p == skiproot(buf) - 1) p++;

    if (tainted) OBJ_TAINT(result);
    RSTRING(result)->len = p - buf;
    *p = '\0';
    return result;
}

VALUE
rb_file_expand_path(fname, dname)
    VALUE fname, dname;
{
    return file_expand_path(fname, dname, rb_str_new(0, MAXPATHLEN + 2));
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.expand_path(file_name [, dir_string] ) -> abs_file_name
 *  
 *  Converts a pathname to an absolute pathname. Relative paths are
 *  referenced from the current working directory of the process unless
 *  <i>dir_string</i> is given, in which case it will be used as the
 *  starting point. The given pathname may start with a
 *  ``<code>~</code>'', which expands to the process owner's home
 *  directory (the environment variable <code>HOME</code> must be set
 *  correctly). ``<code>~</code><i>user</i>'' expands to the named
 *  user's home directory.
 *     
 *     File.expand_path("~oracle/bin")           #=> "/home/oracle/bin"
 *     File.expand_path("../../bin", "/tmp/x")   #=> "/bin"
 */

VALUE
rb_file_s_expand_path(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    VALUE fname, dname;

    if (argc == 1) {
      return rb_file_expand_path(argv[0], Qnil);
    }
    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &fname, &dname);

    return rb_file_expand_path(fname, dname);
}

static int
rmext(p, e)
    const char *p, *e;
{
    int l1, l2;

    if (!e) return 0;

    l1 = chompdirsep(p) - p;
    l2 = strlen(e);
    if (l2 == 2 && e[1] == '*') {
      e = strrchr(p, *e);
      if (!e) return 0;
      return e - p;
    }
    if (l1 < l2) return l1;

    if (strncmp(p+l1-l2, e, l2) == 0) {
      return l1-l2;
    }
    return 0;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.basename(file_name [, suffix] ) -> base_name
 *  
 *  Returns the last component of the filename given in <i>file_name</i>,
 *  which must be formed using forward slashes (``<code>/</code>'')
 *  regardless of the separator used on the local file system. If
 *  <i>suffix</i> is given and present at the end of <i>file_name</i>,
 *  it is removed.
 *     
 *     File.basename("/home/gumby/work/ruby.rb")          #=> "ruby.rb"
 *     File.basename("/home/gumby/work/ruby.rb", ".rb")   #=> "ruby"
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_basename(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    VALUE fname, fext, basename;
    char *name, *p;
#if defined DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER || defined DOSISH_UNC
    char *root;
#endif
    int f;

    if (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &fname, &fext) == 2) {
      StringValue(fext);
    }
    StringValue(fname);
    if (RSTRING(fname)->len == 0 || !*(name = RSTRING(fname)->ptr))
      return fname;
    name = skipprefix(name);
#if defined DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER || defined DOSISH_UNC
    root = name;
#endif
    while (isdirsep(*name))
      name++;
    if (!*name) {
      p = name - 1;
      f = 1;
#if defined DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER || defined DOSISH_UNC
      if (name != root) {
          /* has slashes */
      }
#ifdef DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER
      else if (*p == ':') {
          p++;
          f = 0;
      }
#endif
#ifdef DOSISH_UNC
      else {
          p = "/";
      }
#endif
#endif
    }
    else if (!(p = strrdirsep(name))) {
      if (NIL_P(fext) || !(f = rmext(name, StringValueCStr(fext)))) {
          f = chompdirsep(name) - name;
          if (f == RSTRING(fname)->len) return fname;
      }
      p = name;
    }
    else {
      while (isdirsep(*p)) p++; /* skip last / */
      if (NIL_P(fext) || !(f = rmext(p, StringValueCStr(fext)))) {
          f = chompdirsep(p) - p;
      }
    }
    basename = rb_str_new(p, f);
    OBJ_INFECT(basename, fname);
    return basename;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.dirname(file_name ) -> dir_name
 *  
 *  Returns all components of the filename given in <i>file_name</i>
 *  except the last one. The filename must be formed using forward
 *  slashes (``<code>/</code>'') regardless of the separator used on the
 *  local file system.
 *     
 *     File.dirname("/home/gumby/work/ruby.rb")   #=> "/home/gumby/work"
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_dirname(klass, fname)
    VALUE klass, fname;
{
    char *name, *root, *p;
    VALUE dirname;

    name = StringValueCStr(fname);
    root = skiproot(name);
#ifdef DOSISH_UNC
    if (root > name + 1 && isdirsep(*name))
      root = skipprefix(name = root - 2);
#else
    if (root > name + 1)
      name = root - 1;
#endif
    p = strrdirsep(root);
    if (!p) {
      p = root;
    }
    if (p == name)
      return rb_str_new2(".");
#ifdef DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER
    if (has_drive_letter(name) && isdirsep(*(name + 2))) {
      dirname = rb_str_new(name, 3);
      rb_str_cat(dirname, skiproot(name + 2), p - skiproot(name + 2));
    }
    else
#endif
    dirname = rb_str_new(name, p - name);
#ifdef DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER
    if (has_drive_letter(name) && root == name + 2 && p - name == 2)
      rb_str_cat(dirname, ".", 1);
#endif
    OBJ_INFECT(dirname, fname);
    return dirname;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.extname(path) -> string
 *  
 *  Returns the extension (the portion of file name in <i>path</i>
 *  after the period).
 *     
 *     File.extname("test.rb")         #=> ".rb"
 *     File.extname("a/b/d/test.rb")   #=> ".rb"
 *     File.extname("test")            #=> ""
 *     File.extname(".profile")        #=> ""
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_extname(klass, fname)
    VALUE klass, fname;
{
    char *name, *p, *e;
    VALUE extname;

    name = StringValueCStr(fname);
    p = strrdirsep(name);     /* get the last path component */
    if (!p)
      p = name;
    else
      p++;
 
     e = strrchr(p, '.');     /* get the last dot of the last component */
     if (!e || e == p || !e[1])     /* no dot, or the only dot is first or end? */
       return rb_str_new2("");
     extname = rb_str_new(e, chompdirsep(e) - e);     /* keep the dot, too! */
     OBJ_INFECT(extname, fname);
     return extname;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.split(file_name)   => array
 *  
 *  Splits the given string into a directory and a file component and
 *  returns them in a two-element array. See also
 *  <code>File::dirname</code> and <code>File::basename</code>.
 *     
 *     File.split("/home/gumby/.profile")   #=> ["/home/gumby", ".profile"]
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_split(klass, path)
    VALUE klass, path;
{
    StringValue(path);        /* get rid of converting twice */
    return rb_assoc_new(rb_file_s_dirname(Qnil, path), rb_file_s_basename(1,&path));
}

static VALUE separator;

static VALUE rb_file_join _((VALUE ary, VALUE sep));

static VALUE
file_inspect_join(ary, arg)
    VALUE ary;
    VALUE *arg;
{
    return rb_file_join(arg[0], arg[1]);
}

static VALUE
rb_file_join(ary, sep)
    VALUE ary, sep;
{
    long len, i;
    int taint = 0;
    VALUE result, tmp;
    char *name, *tail;

    if (RARRAY(ary)->len == 0) return rb_str_new(0, 0);
    if (OBJ_TAINTED(ary)) taint = 1;
    if (OBJ_TAINTED(sep)) taint = 1;

    len = 1;
    for (i=0; i<RARRAY(ary)->len; i++) {
      if (TYPE(RARRAY(ary)->ptr[i]) == T_STRING) {
          len += RSTRING(RARRAY(ary)->ptr[i])->len;
      }
      else {
          len += 10;
      }
    }
    if (!NIL_P(sep) && TYPE(sep) == T_STRING) {
      len += RSTRING(sep)->len * RARRAY(ary)->len - 1;
    }
    result = rb_str_buf_new(len);
    for (i=0; i<RARRAY(ary)->len; i++) {
      tmp = RARRAY(ary)->ptr[i];
      switch (TYPE(tmp)) {
        case T_STRING:
          break;
        case T_ARRAY:
          if (rb_inspecting_p(tmp)) {
            tmp = rb_str_new2("[...]");
          }
          else {
            VALUE args[2];

            args[0] = tmp;
            args[1] = sep;
            tmp = rb_protect_inspect(file_inspect_join, ary, (VALUE)args);
          }
          break;
        default:
          StringValueCStr(tmp);
      }
      name = StringValueCStr(result);
      if (i > 0 && !NIL_P(sep)) {
          tail = chompdirsep(name);
          if (RSTRING(tmp)->ptr && isdirsep(RSTRING(tmp)->ptr[0])) {
            RSTRING(result)->len = tail - name;
          }
          else if (!*tail) {
            rb_str_buf_append(result, sep);
          }
      }
      rb_str_buf_append(result, tmp);
      if (OBJ_TAINTED(tmp)) taint = 1;
    }

    if (taint) OBJ_TAINT(result);
    return result;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.join(string, ...) -> path
 *  
 *  Returns a new string formed by joining the strings using
 *  <code>File::SEPARATOR</code>.
 *     
 *     File.join("usr", "mail", "gumby")   #=> "usr/mail/gumby"
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_join(klass, args)
    VALUE klass, args;
{
    return rb_file_join(args, separator);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     File.truncate(file_name, integer)  => 0
 *  
 *  Truncates the file <i>file_name</i> to be at most <i>integer</i>
 *  bytes long. Not available on all platforms.
 *     
 *     f = File.new("out", "w")
 *     f.write("1234567890")     #=> 10
 *     f.close                   #=> nil
 *     File.truncate("out", 5)   #=> 0
 *     File.size("out")          #=> 5
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_s_truncate(klass, path, len)
    VALUE klass, path, len;
{
    off_t pos;

    rb_secure(2);
    pos = NUM2OFFT(len);
    SafeStringValue(path);

#ifdef HAVE_TRUNCATE
    if (truncate(StringValueCStr(path), pos) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(RSTRING(path)->ptr);
#else
# ifdef HAVE_CHSIZE
    {
      int tmpfd;

#  ifdef _WIN32
      if ((tmpfd = open(StringValueCStr(path), O_RDWR)) < 0) {
          rb_sys_fail(RSTRING(path)->ptr);
      }
#  else
      if ((tmpfd = open(StringValueCStr(path), 0)) < 0) {
          rb_sys_fail(RSTRING(path)->ptr);
      }
#  endif
      if (chsize(tmpfd, pos) < 0) {
          close(tmpfd);
          rb_sys_fail(RSTRING(path)->ptr);
      }
      close(tmpfd);
    }
# else
    rb_notimplement();
# endif
#endif
    return INT2FIX(0);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     file.truncate(integer)    => 0
 *  
 *  Truncates <i>file</i> to at most <i>integer</i> bytes. The file
 *  must be opened for writing. Not available on all platforms.
 *     
 *     f = File.new("out", "w")
 *     f.syswrite("1234567890")   #=> 10
 *     f.truncate(5)              #=> 0
 *     f.close()                  #=> nil
 *     File.size("out")           #=> 5
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_truncate(obj, len)
    VALUE obj, len;
{
    OpenFile *fptr;
    FILE *f;
    off_t pos;

    rb_secure(2);
    pos = NUM2OFFT(len);
    GetOpenFile(obj, fptr);
    if (!(fptr->mode & FMODE_WRITABLE)) {
      rb_raise(rb_eIOError, "not opened for writing");
    }
    f = GetWriteFile(fptr);
    fflush(f);
    fseeko(f, (off_t)0, SEEK_CUR);
#ifdef HAVE_TRUNCATE
    if (ftruncate(fileno(f), pos) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(fptr->path);
#else
# ifdef HAVE_CHSIZE
    if (chsize(fileno(f), pos) < 0)
      rb_sys_fail(fptr->path);
# else
    rb_notimplement();
# endif
#endif
    return INT2FIX(0);
}

# ifndef LOCK_SH
#  define LOCK_SH 1
# endif
# ifndef LOCK_EX
#  define LOCK_EX 2
# endif
# ifndef LOCK_NB
#  define LOCK_NB 4
# endif
# ifndef LOCK_UN
#  define LOCK_UN 8
# endif

#if 1
static int
rb_thread_flock(fd, op, fptr)
    int fd, op;
    OpenFile *fptr;
{
    if (rb_thread_alone() || (op & LOCK_NB)) {
      int ret;
      TRAP_BEG;
      ret = flock(fd, op);
      TRAP_END;
      return ret;
    }
    op |= LOCK_NB;
    while (flock(fd, op) < 0) {
      switch (errno) {
        case EAGAIN:
        case EACCES:
#if defined(EWOULDBLOCK) && EWOULDBLOCK != EAGAIN
        case EWOULDBLOCK:
#endif
          rb_thread_polling();      /* busy wait */
          rb_io_check_closed(fptr);
          continue;
        default:
          return -1;
      }
    }
    return 0;
}
#define flock(fd, op) rb_thread_flock(fd, op, fptr)
#endif

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     file.flock (locking_constant ) =>  0 or false
 *  
 *  Locks or unlocks a file according to <i>locking_constant</i> (a
 *  logical <em>or</em> of the values in the table below).
 *  Returns <code>false</code> if <code>File::LOCK_NB</code> is
 *  specified and the operation would otherwise have blocked. Not
 *  available on all platforms.
 *     
 *  Locking constants (in class File):
 *
 *     LOCK_EX   | Exclusive lock. Only one process may hold an
 *               | exclusive lock for a given file at a time.
 *     ----------+------------------------------------------------
 *     LOCK_NB   | Don't block when locking. May be combined
 *               | with other lock options using logical or.
 *     ----------+------------------------------------------------
 *     LOCK_SH   | Shared lock. Multiple processes may each hold a
 *               | shared lock for a given file at the same time.
 *     ----------+------------------------------------------------
 *     LOCK_UN   | Unlock.
 *
 *  Example:
 *
 *     File.new("testfile").flock(File::LOCK_UN)   #=> 0
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_file_flock(obj, operation)
    VALUE obj;
    VALUE operation;
{
#ifndef __CHECKER__
    OpenFile *fptr;
    int op;

    rb_secure(2);
    op = NUM2INT(operation);
    GetOpenFile(obj, fptr);

    if (fptr->mode & FMODE_WRITABLE) {
      fflush(GetWriteFile(fptr));
    }
  retry:
    if (flock(fileno(fptr->f), op) < 0) {
      switch (errno) {
        case EAGAIN:
        case EACCES:
#if defined(EWOULDBLOCK) && EWOULDBLOCK != EAGAIN
        case EWOULDBLOCK:
#endif
            return Qfalse;
        case EINTR:
#if defined(ERESTART)
        case ERESTART:
#endif
          goto retry;
      }
      rb_sys_fail(fptr->path);
    }
#endif
    return INT2FIX(0);
}
#undef flock

static void
test_check(n, argc, argv)
    int n, argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    int i;

    n+=1;
    if (n != argc) rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments (%d for %d)", argc, n);
    for (i=1; i<n; i++) {
      switch (TYPE(argv[i])) {
        case T_STRING:
        default:
          SafeStringValue(argv[i]);
          break;
        case T_FILE:
          break;
      }
    }
}

#define CHECK(n) test_check((n), argc, argv)

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     test(int_cmd, file1 [, file2] ) => obj
 *  
 *  Uses the integer <i>aCmd</i> to perform various tests on
 *  <i>file1</i> (first table below) or on <i>file1</i> and
 *  <i>file2</i> (second table).
 *     
 *  File tests on a single file:
 *
 *    Test   Returns   Meaning
 *     ?A  | Time    | Last access time for file1
 *     ?b  | boolean | True if file1 is a block device
 *     ?c  | boolean | True if file1 is a character device
 *     ?C  | Time    | Last change time for file1
 *     ?d  | boolean | True if file1 exists and is a directory
 *     ?e  | boolean | True if file1 exists
 *     ?f  | boolean | True if file1 exists and is a regular file
 *     ?g  | boolean | True if file1 has the \CF{setgid} bit
 *         |         | set (false under NT)
 *     ?G  | boolean | True if file1 exists and has a group
 *         |         | ownership equal to the caller's group
 *     ?k  | boolean | True if file1 exists and has the sticky bit set
 *     ?l  | boolean | True if file1 exists and is a symbolic link
 *     ?M  | Time    | Last modification time for file1
 *     ?o  | boolean | True if file1 exists and is owned by 
 *         |         | the caller's effective uid
 *     ?O  | boolean | True if file1 exists and is owned by
 *         |         | the caller's real uid
 *     ?p  | boolean | True if file1 exists and is a fifo
 *     ?r  | boolean | True if file1 is readable by the effective
 *         |         | uid/gid of the caller
 *     ?R  | boolean | True if file is readable by the real
 *         |         | uid/gid of the caller
 *     ?s  | int/nil | If file1 has nonzero size, return the size,
 *         |         | otherwise return nil
 *     ?S  | boolean | True if file1 exists and is a socket
 *     ?u  | boolean | True if file1 has the setuid bit set
 *     ?w  | boolean | True if file1 exists and is writable by
 *         |         | the effective uid/gid
 *     ?W  | boolean | True if file1 exists and is writable by
 *         |         | the real uid/gid
 *     ?x  | boolean | True if file1 exists and is executable by
 *         |         | the effective uid/gid
 *     ?X  | boolean | True if file1 exists and is executable by
 *         |         | the real uid/gid
 *     ?z  | boolean | True if file1 exists and has a zero length
 *
 * Tests that take two files:
 *
 *     ?-  | boolean | True if file1 and file2 are identical
 *     ?=  | boolean | True if the modification times of file1
 *         |         | and file2 are equal
 *     ?<  | boolean | True if the modification time of file1
 *         |         | is prior to that of file2
 *     ?>  | boolean | True if the modification time of file1
 *         |         | is after that of file2
 */

static VALUE
rb_f_test(argc, argv)
    int argc;
    VALUE *argv;
{
    int cmd;

    if (argc == 0) rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments");
#if 0 /* 1.7 behavior? */
    if (argc == 1) {
      return RTEST(argv[0]) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
    }
#endif
    cmd = NUM2CHR(argv[0]);
    if (cmd == 0) return Qfalse;
    if (strchr("bcdefgGkloOprRsSuwWxXz", cmd)) {
      CHECK(1);
      switch (cmd) {
        case 'b':
          return test_b(0, argv[1]);

        case 'c':
          return test_c(0, argv[1]);

        case 'd':
          return test_d(0, argv[1]);

        case 'a':
        case 'e':
          return test_e(0, argv[1]);

        case 'f':
          return test_f(0, argv[1]);

        case 'g':
          return test_sgid(0, argv[1]);

        case 'G':
          return test_grpowned(0, argv[1]);

        case 'k':
          return test_sticky(0, argv[1]);

        case 'l':
          return test_l(0, argv[1]);

        case 'o':
          return test_owned(0, argv[1]);

        case 'O':
          return test_rowned(0, argv[1]);

        case 'p':
          return test_p(0, argv[1]);

        case 'r':
          return test_r(0, argv[1]);

        case 'R':
          return test_R(0, argv[1]);

        case 's':
          return test_s(0, argv[1]);

        case 'S':
          return test_S(0, argv[1]);

        case 'u':
          return test_suid(0, argv[1]);

        case 'w':
          return test_w(0, argv[1]);

        case 'W':
          return test_W(0, argv[1]);

        case 'x':
          return test_x(0, argv[1]);

        case 'X':
          return test_X(0, argv[1]);

        case 'z':
          return test_z(0, argv[1]);
      }
    }

    if (strchr("MAC", cmd)) {
      struct stat st;

      CHECK(1);
      if (rb_stat(argv[1], &st) == -1) {
          rb_sys_fail(RSTRING(argv[1])->ptr);
      }

      switch (cmd) {
        case 'A':
          return rb_time_new(st.st_atime, 0);
        case 'M':
          return rb_time_new(st.st_mtime, 0);
        case 'C':
          return rb_time_new(st.st_ctime, 0);
      }
    }

    if (cmd == '-') {
      CHECK(2);
      return test_identical(0, argv[1], argv[2]);
    }

    if (strchr("=<>", cmd)) {
      struct stat st1, st2;

      CHECK(2);
      if (rb_stat(argv[1], &st1) < 0) return Qfalse;
      if (rb_stat(argv[2], &st2) < 0) return Qfalse;

      switch (cmd) {
        case '=':
          if (st1.st_mtime == st2.st_mtime) return Qtrue;
          return Qfalse;

        case '>':
          if (st1.st_mtime > st2.st_mtime) return Qtrue;
          return Qfalse;

        case '<':
          if (st1.st_mtime < st2.st_mtime) return Qtrue;
          return Qfalse;
      }
    }
    /* unknown command */
    rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "unknown command ?%c", cmd);
    return Qnil;        /* not reached */
}



/*
 *  Document-class: File::Stat
 *
 *  Objects of class <code>File::Stat</code> encapsulate common status
 *  information for <code>File</code> objects. The information is
 *  recorded at the moment the <code>File::Stat</code> object is
 *  created; changes made to the file after that point will not be
 *  reflected. <code>File::Stat</code> objects are returned by
 *  <code>IO#stat</code>, <code>File::stat</code>,
 *  <code>File#lstat</code>, and <code>File::lstat</code>. Many of these
 *  methods return platform-specific values, and not all values are
 *  meaningful on all systems. See also <code>Kernel#test</code>.
 */

static VALUE rb_stat_s_alloc _((VALUE));
static VALUE
rb_stat_s_alloc(klass)
    VALUE klass;
{
    return stat_new_0(klass, 0);
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *
 *   File::Stat.new(file_name)  => stat
 *
 * Create a File::Stat object for the given file name (raising an
 * exception if the file doesn't exist).
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_init(obj, fname)
    VALUE obj, fname;
{
    struct stat st, *nst;

    SafeStringValue(fname);

    if (stat(StringValueCStr(fname), &st) == -1) {
      rb_sys_fail(RSTRING(fname)->ptr);
    }
    if (DATA_PTR(obj)) {
      free(DATA_PTR(obj));
      DATA_PTR(obj) = NULL;
    }
    nst = ALLOC(struct stat);
    *nst = st;
    DATA_PTR(obj) = nst;

    return Qnil;
}

/* :nodoc: */
static VALUE
rb_stat_init_copy(copy, orig)
    VALUE copy, orig;
{
    struct stat *nst;

    if (copy == orig) return orig;
    rb_check_frozen(copy);
    /* need better argument type check */
    if (!rb_obj_is_instance_of(orig, rb_obj_class(copy))) {
      rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "wrong argument class");
    }
    if (DATA_PTR(copy)) {
      free(DATA_PTR(copy));
      DATA_PTR(copy) = 0;
    }
    if (DATA_PTR(orig)) {
      nst = ALLOC(struct stat);
      *nst = *(struct stat*)DATA_PTR(orig);
      DATA_PTR(copy) = nst;
    }

    return copy;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.ftype   => string
 *  
 *  Identifies the type of <i>stat</i>. The return string is one of:
 *  ``<code>file</code>'', ``<code>directory</code>'',
 *  ``<code>characterSpecial</code>'', ``<code>blockSpecial</code>'',
 *  ``<code>fifo</code>'', ``<code>link</code>'',
 *  ``<code>socket</code>'', or ``<code>unknown</code>''.
 *     
 *     File.stat("/dev/tty").ftype   #=> "characterSpecial"
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_ftype(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    return rb_file_ftype(get_stat(obj));
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.directory?   => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> is a directory,
 *  <code>false</code> otherwise.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").directory?   #=> false
 *     File.stat(".").directory?          #=> true
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_d(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    if (S_ISDIR(get_stat(obj)->st_mode)) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.pipe?    => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if the operating system supports pipes and
 *  <i>stat</i> is a pipe; <code>false</code> otherwise.
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_p(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
#ifdef S_IFIFO
    if (S_ISFIFO(get_stat(obj)->st_mode)) return Qtrue;

#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.symlink?    => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> is a symbolic link,
 *  <code>false</code> if it isn't or if the operating system doesn't
 *  support this feature. As <code>File::stat</code> automatically
 *  follows symbolic links, <code>symlink?</code> will always be
 *  <code>false</code> for an object returned by
 *  <code>File::stat</code>.
 *     
 *     File.symlink("testfile", "alink")   #=> 0
 *     File.stat("alink").symlink?         #=> false
 *     File.lstat("alink").symlink?        #=> true
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_l(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
#ifdef S_ISLNK
    if (S_ISLNK(get_stat(obj)->st_mode)) return Qtrue;
#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.socket?    => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> is a socket,
 *  <code>false</code> if it isn't or if the operating system doesn't
 *  support this feature.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").socket?   #=> false
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_S(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
#ifdef S_ISSOCK
    if (S_ISSOCK(get_stat(obj)->st_mode)) return Qtrue;

#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.blockdev?   => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if the file is a block device,
 *  <code>false</code> if it isn't or if the operating system doesn't
 *  support this feature.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").blockdev?    #=> false
 *     File.stat("/dev/hda1").blockdev?   #=> true
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_b(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
#ifdef S_ISBLK
    if (S_ISBLK(get_stat(obj)->st_mode)) return Qtrue;

#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.chardev?    => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if the file is a character device,
 *  <code>false</code> if it isn't or if the operating system doesn't
 *  support this feature.
 *     
 *     File.stat("/dev/tty").chardev?   #=> true
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_c(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    if (S_ISCHR(get_stat(obj)->st_mode)) return Qtrue;

    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.owned?    => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if the effective user id of the process is
 *  the same as the owner of <i>stat</i>.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").owned?      #=> true
 *     File.stat("/etc/passwd").owned?   #=> false
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_owned(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    if (get_stat(obj)->st_uid == geteuid()) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

static VALUE
rb_stat_rowned(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    if (get_stat(obj)->st_uid == getuid()) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.grpowned?   => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns true if the effective group id of the process is the same as
 *  the group id of <i>stat</i>. On Windows NT, returns <code>false</code>.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").grpowned?      #=> true
 *     File.stat("/etc/passwd").grpowned?   #=> false
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_grpowned(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
#ifndef _WIN32
    if (get_stat(obj)->st_gid == getegid()) return Qtrue;
#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.readable?    => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> is readable by the
 *  effective user id of this process.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").readable?   #=> true
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_r(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    struct stat *st = get_stat(obj);

#ifdef S_IRUSR
    if (rb_stat_owned(obj))
      return st->st_mode & S_IRUSR ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
#endif
#ifdef S_IRGRP
    if (rb_stat_grpowned(obj))
      return st->st_mode & S_IRGRP ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
#endif
#ifdef S_IROTH
    if (!(st->st_mode & S_IROTH)) return Qfalse;
#endif
    return Qtrue;
}



/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.readable_real? -> true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> is readable by the real
 *  user id of this process.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").readable_real?   #=> true
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_R(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    struct stat *st = get_stat(obj);

#ifdef S_IRUSR
    if (rb_stat_rowned(obj))
      return st->st_mode & S_IRUSR ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
#endif
#ifdef S_IRGRP
    if (rb_group_member(get_stat(obj)->st_gid))  /* Mushware renamed group_member 2007-06-24 */
      return st->st_mode & S_IRGRP ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
#endif
#ifdef S_IROTH
    if (!(st->st_mode & S_IROTH)) return Qfalse;
#endif
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.writable? -> true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> is writable by the
 *  effective user id of this process.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").writable?   #=> true
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_w(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    struct stat *st = get_stat(obj);

#ifdef S_IWUSR
    if (rb_stat_owned(obj))
      return st->st_mode & S_IWUSR ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
#endif
#ifdef S_IWGRP
    if (rb_stat_grpowned(obj))
      return st->st_mode & S_IWGRP ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
#endif
#ifdef S_IWOTH
    if (!(st->st_mode & S_IWOTH)) return Qfalse;
#endif
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.writable_real? -> true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> is writable by the real
 *  user id of this process.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").writable_real?   #=> true
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_W(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    struct stat *st = get_stat(obj);

#ifdef S_IWUSR
    if (rb_stat_rowned(obj))
      return st->st_mode & S_IWUSR ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
#endif
#ifdef S_IWGRP
    if (rb_group_member(get_stat(obj)->st_gid))  /* Mushware renamed group_member 2007-06-24 */
      return st->st_mode & S_IWGRP ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
#endif
#ifdef S_IWOTH
    if (!(st->st_mode & S_IWOTH)) return Qfalse;
#endif
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.executable?    => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> is executable or if the
 *  operating system doesn't distinguish executable files from
 *  nonexecutable files. The tests are made using the effective owner of
 *  the process.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").executable?   #=> false
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_x(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    struct stat *st = get_stat(obj);

#ifdef S_IXUSR
    if (rb_stat_owned(obj))
      return st->st_mode & S_IXUSR ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
#endif
#ifdef S_IXGRP
    if (rb_stat_grpowned(obj))
      return st->st_mode & S_IXGRP ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
#endif
#ifdef S_IXOTH
    if (!(st->st_mode & S_IXOTH)) return Qfalse;
#endif
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.executable_real?    => true or false
 *  
 *  Same as <code>executable?</code>, but tests using the real owner of
 *  the process.
 */


static VALUE
rb_stat_X(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    struct stat *st = get_stat(obj);

#ifdef S_IXUSR
    if (rb_stat_rowned(obj))
      return st->st_mode & S_IXUSR ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
#endif
#ifdef S_IXGRP
    if (rb_group_member(get_stat(obj)->st_gid))  /* Mushware renamed group_member 2007-06-24 */
      return st->st_mode & S_IXGRP ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
#endif
#ifdef S_IXOTH
    if (!(st->st_mode & S_IXOTH)) return Qfalse;
#endif
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.file?    => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> is a regular file (not
 *  a device file, pipe, socket, etc.).
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").file?   #=> true
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_f(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    if (S_ISREG(get_stat(obj)->st_mode)) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.zero?    => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> is a zero-length file;
 *  <code>false</code> otherwise.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").zero?   #=> false
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_z(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    if (get_stat(obj)->st_size == 0) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}


/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     state.size    => integer
 *  
 *  Returns the size of <i>stat</i> in bytes.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").size   #=> 66
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_s(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
    off_t size = get_stat(obj)->st_size;

    if (size == 0) return Qnil;
    return OFFT2NUM(size);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.setuid?    => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> has the set-user-id
 *  permission bit set, <code>false</code> if it doesn't or if the
 *  operating system doesn't support this feature.
 *     
 *     File.stat("/bin/su").setuid?   #=> true
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_suid(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
#ifdef S_ISUID
    if (get_stat(obj)->st_mode & S_ISUID) return Qtrue;
#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.setgid?   => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> has the set-group-id
 *  permission bit set, <code>false</code> if it doesn't or if the
 *  operating system doesn't support this feature.
 *     
 *     File.stat("/usr/sbin/lpc").setgid?   #=> true
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_sgid(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
#ifdef S_ISGID
    if (get_stat(obj)->st_mode & S_ISGID) return Qtrue;
#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     stat.sticky?    => true or false
 *  
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>stat</i> has its sticky bit set,
 *  <code>false</code> if it doesn't or if the operating system doesn't
 *  support this feature.
 *     
 *     File.stat("testfile").sticky?   #=> false
 *     
 */

static VALUE
rb_stat_sticky(obj)
    VALUE obj;
{
#ifdef S_ISVTX
    if (get_stat(obj)->st_mode & S_ISVTX) return Qtrue;
#endif
    return Qfalse;
}

static VALUE rb_mFConst;

void
rb_file_const(name, value)
    const char *name;
    VALUE value;
{
    rb_define_const(rb_mFConst, name, value);
}

static int
is_absolute_path(path)
    const char *path;
{
#ifdef DOSISH_DRIVE_LETTER
    if (has_drive_letter(path) && isdirsep(path[2])) return 1;
#endif
#ifdef DOSISH_UNC
    if (isdirsep(path[0]) && isdirsep(path[1])) return 1;
#endif
#ifndef DOSISH
    if (path[0] == '/') return 1;
#endif
    return 0;
}

#ifndef DOSISH
static int
path_check_0(fpath, loadpath)
     VALUE fpath;
     int loadpath;
{
    struct stat st;
    char *p0 = StringValueCStr(fpath);
    char *p = 0, *s;

    if (!is_absolute_path(p0)) {
      char *buf = my_getcwd();
      VALUE newpath;

      newpath = rb_str_new2(buf);
      free(buf);

      rb_str_cat2(newpath, "/");
      rb_str_cat2(newpath, p0);
      return path_check_0(newpath, loadpath);
    }
    for (;;) {
#ifndef S_IWOTH
# define S_IWOTH 002
#endif
      if (stat(p0, &st) == 0 && S_ISDIR(st.st_mode) && (st.st_mode & S_IWOTH)
#ifdef S_ISVTX
          && (loadpath || !(st.st_mode & S_ISVTX))
#endif
          ) {
          rb_warn("Insecure world writable dir %s, mode 0%o", p0, st.st_mode);
          if (p) *p = '/';
          return 0;
      }
      s = strrdirsep(p0);
      if (p) *p = '/';
      if (!s || s == p0) return 1;
      p = s;
      *p = '\0';
    }
}
#endif

static int
fpath_check(path)
    char *path;
{
      /* Mushware add-in 2006-06-22 */
      return 1;
      /* End Mushware add-in */
#ifndef DOSISH
    return path_check_0(rb_str_new2(path), Qfalse);
#else
    return 1;
#endif
}

int
rb_path_check(path)
    char *path;
{
      /* Mushware add-in 2006-06-22 */
      return 1;
      /* End Mushware add-in */
#ifndef DOSISH
    char *p0, *p, *pend;
    const char sep = PATH_SEP_CHAR;

    if (!path) return 1;

    pend = path + strlen(path);
    p0 = path;
    p = strchr(path, sep);
    if (!p) p = pend;

    for (;;) {
      if (!path_check_0(rb_str_new(p0, p - p0), Qtrue)) {
          return 0;           /* not safe */
      }
      p0 = p + 1;
      if (p0 > pend) break;
      p = strchr(p0, sep);
      if (!p) p = pend;
    }
#endif
    return 1;
}

#if defined(__MACOS__) || defined(riscos)
static int
is_macos_native_path(path)
    const char *path;
{
    if (strchr(path, ':')) return 1;
    return 0;
}
#endif

static int
file_load_ok(file)
    char *file;
{
    FILE *f;

    if (!file) return 0;
    f = fopen(file, "r");
    if (f == NULL) return 0;
    fclose(f);
    return 1;
}

extern VALUE rb_load_path;

int
rb_find_file_ext(filep, ext)
    VALUE *filep;
    const char * const *ext;
{
    char *path, *found;
    char *f = RSTRING(*filep)->ptr;
    VALUE fname;
    long i, j;

    if (f[0] == '~') {
      fname = rb_file_expand_path(*filep, Qnil);
      if (rb_safe_level() >= 2 && OBJ_TAINTED(fname)) {
          rb_raise(rb_eSecurityError, "loading from unsafe file %s", f);
      }
      OBJ_FREEZE(fname);
      f = StringValueCStr(fname);
      *filep = fname;
    }

    if (is_absolute_path(f)) {
      for (i=0; ext[i]; i++) {
          fname = rb_str_dup(*filep);
          rb_str_cat2(fname, ext[i]);
          OBJ_FREEZE(fname);
          if (file_load_ok(StringValueCStr(fname))) {
            *filep = fname;
            return i+1;
          }
      }
      return 0;
    }

    if (!rb_load_path) return 0;

    Check_Type(rb_load_path, T_ARRAY);
    for (i=0;i<RARRAY(rb_load_path)->len;i++) {
      VALUE str = RARRAY(rb_load_path)->ptr[i];

      SafeStringValue(str);
      if (RSTRING(str)->len == 0) continue;
      path = RSTRING(str)->ptr;
      for (j=0; ext[j]; j++) {
          fname = rb_str_dup(*filep);
          rb_str_cat2(fname, ext[j]);
          OBJ_FREEZE(fname);
          found = dln_find_file(StringValueCStr(fname), path);
          if (found && file_load_ok(found)) {
            *filep = fname;
            return j+1;
          }
      }
    }
    return 0;
}

VALUE
rb_find_file(path)
    VALUE path;
{
    VALUE tmp;
    char *f = StringValueCStr(path);
    char *lpath;

    if (f[0] == '~') {
      path = rb_file_expand_path(path, Qnil);
      if (rb_safe_level() >= 1 && OBJ_TAINTED(path)) {
            /* Mushware add-in (removed line) 2006-06-22 */
        /*      rb_raise(rb_eSecurityError, "loading from unsafe path %s", f); */

            /* End Mushware add-in */
      }
      OBJ_FREEZE(path);
      f = StringValueCStr(path);
    }

#if defined(__MACOS__) || defined(riscos)
    if (is_macos_native_path(f)) {
      if (rb_safe_level() >= 1 && !fpath_check(f)) {
          rb_raise(rb_eSecurityError, "loading from unsafe file %s", f);
      }
      if (file_load_ok(f)) return path;
    }
#endif

    if (is_absolute_path(f)) {
      if (rb_safe_level() >= 1 && !fpath_check(f)) {
          rb_raise(rb_eSecurityError, "loading from unsafe file %s", f);
      }
      if (file_load_ok(f)) return path;
    }

    if (rb_safe_level() >= 4) {
      rb_raise(rb_eSecurityError, "loading from non-absolute path %s", f);
    }

    if (rb_load_path) {
      long i;

      Check_Type(rb_load_path, T_ARRAY);
      tmp = rb_ary_new();
      for (i=0;i<RARRAY(rb_load_path)->len;i++) {
          VALUE str = RARRAY(rb_load_path)->ptr[i];
          SafeStringValue(str);
          if (RSTRING(str)->len > 0) {
            rb_ary_push(tmp, str);
          }
      }
      tmp = rb_ary_join(tmp, rb_str_new2(PATH_SEP));
      if (RSTRING(tmp)->len == 0) {
          lpath = 0;
      }
      else {
          lpath = RSTRING(tmp)->ptr;
          if (rb_safe_level() >= 1 && !rb_path_check(lpath)) {
            rb_raise(rb_eSecurityError, "loading from unsafe path %s", lpath);
          }
      }
    }
    else {
      lpath = 0;
    }

    if (!lpath) {
      return 0;         /* no path, no load */
    }
    f = dln_find_file(f, lpath);
    if (rb_safe_level() >= 1 && !fpath_check(f)) {
      rb_raise(rb_eSecurityError, "loading from unsafe file %s", f);
    }
    if (file_load_ok(f)) {
      tmp = rb_str_new2(f);
      OBJ_FREEZE(tmp);
      return tmp;
    }
    return 0;
}

static void
define_filetest_function(name, func, argc)
    const char *name;
    VALUE (*func)();
    int argc;
{
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mFileTest, name, func, argc);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, name, func, argc);
}


/*
 *  A <code>File</code> is an abstraction of any file object accessible
 *  by the program and is closely associated with class <code>IO</code>
 *  <code>File</code> includes the methods of module
 *  <code>FileTest</code> as class methods, allowing you to write (for
 *  example) <code>File.exist?("foo")</code>.
 *     
 *  In the description of File methods,
 *  <em>permission bits</em> are a platform-specific
 *  set of bits that indicate permissions of a file. On Unix-based
 *  systems, permissions are viewed as a set of three octets, for the
 *  owner, the group, and the rest of the world. For each of these
 *  entities, permissions may be set to read, write, or execute the
 *  file:
 *     
 *  The permission bits <code>0644</code> (in octal) would thus be
 *  interpreted as read/write for owner, and read-only for group and
 *  other. Higher-order bits may also be used to indicate the type of
 *  file (plain, directory, pipe, socket, and so on) and various other
 *  special features. If the permissions are for a directory, the
 *  meaning of the execute bit changes; when set the directory can be
 *  searched.
 *     
 *  On non-Posix operating systems, there may be only the ability to
 *  make a file read-only or read-write. In this case, the remaining
 *  permission bits will be synthesized to resemble typical values. For
 *  instance, on Windows NT the default permission bits are
 *  <code>0644</code>, which means read/write for owner, read-only for
 *  all others. The only change that can be made is to make the file
 *  read-only, which is reported as <code>0444</code>.
 */

void
Init_File()
{
    rb_mFileTest = rb_define_module("FileTest");
    rb_cFile = rb_define_class("File", rb_cIO);

    define_filetest_function("directory?", test_d, 1);
    define_filetest_function("exist?", test_e, 1);
    define_filetest_function("exists?", test_e, 1); /* temporary */
    define_filetest_function("readable?", test_r, 1);
    define_filetest_function("readable_real?", test_R, 1);
    define_filetest_function("writable?", test_w, 1);
    define_filetest_function("writable_real?", test_W, 1);
    define_filetest_function("executable?", test_x, 1);
    define_filetest_function("executable_real?", test_X, 1);
    define_filetest_function("file?", test_f, 1);
    define_filetest_function("zero?", test_z, 1);
    define_filetest_function("size?", test_s, 1);
    define_filetest_function("size", rb_file_s_size, 1);
    define_filetest_function("owned?", test_owned, 1);
    define_filetest_function("grpowned?", test_grpowned, 1);

    define_filetest_function("pipe?", test_p, 1);
    define_filetest_function("symlink?", test_l, 1);
    define_filetest_function("socket?", test_S, 1);

    define_filetest_function("blockdev?", test_b, 1);
    define_filetest_function("chardev?", test_c, 1);

    define_filetest_function("setuid?", test_suid, 1);
    define_filetest_function("setgid?", test_sgid, 1);
    define_filetest_function("sticky?", test_sticky, 1);

    define_filetest_function("identical?", test_identical, 2);

    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "stat",  rb_file_s_stat, 1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "lstat", rb_file_s_lstat, 1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "ftype", rb_file_s_ftype, 1);

    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "atime", rb_file_s_atime, 1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "mtime", rb_file_s_mtime, 1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "ctime", rb_file_s_ctime, 1);

    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "utime", rb_file_s_utime, -1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "chmod", rb_file_s_chmod, -1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "chown", rb_file_s_chown, -1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "lchmod", rb_file_s_lchmod, -1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "lchown", rb_file_s_lchown, -1);

    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "link", rb_file_s_link, 2);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "symlink", rb_file_s_symlink, 2);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "readlink", rb_file_s_readlink, 1);

    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "unlink", rb_file_s_unlink, -2);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "delete", rb_file_s_unlink, -2);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "rename", rb_file_s_rename, 2);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "umask", rb_file_s_umask, -1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "truncate", rb_file_s_truncate, 2);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "expand_path", rb_file_s_expand_path, -1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "basename", rb_file_s_basename, -1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "dirname", rb_file_s_dirname, 1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "extname", rb_file_s_extname, 1);

    separator = rb_obj_freeze(rb_str_new2("/"));
    rb_define_const(rb_cFile, "Separator", separator);
    rb_define_const(rb_cFile, "SEPARATOR", separator);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "split",  rb_file_s_split, 1);
    rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cFile, "join",   rb_file_s_join, -2);

#ifdef DOSISH
    rb_define_const(rb_cFile, "ALT_SEPARATOR", rb_obj_freeze(rb_str_new2("\\")));
#else
    rb_define_const(rb_cFile, "ALT_SEPARATOR", Qnil);
#endif
    rb_define_const(rb_cFile, "PATH_SEPARATOR", rb_obj_freeze(rb_str_new2(PATH_SEP)));

    rb_define_method(rb_cIO, "stat",  rb_io_stat, 0); /* this is IO's method */
    rb_define_method(rb_cFile, "lstat",  rb_file_lstat, 0);

    rb_define_method(rb_cFile, "atime", rb_file_atime, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cFile, "mtime", rb_file_mtime, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cFile, "ctime", rb_file_ctime, 0);

    rb_define_method(rb_cFile, "chmod", rb_file_chmod, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cFile, "chown", rb_file_chown, 2);
    rb_define_method(rb_cFile, "truncate", rb_file_truncate, 1);

    rb_define_method(rb_cFile, "flock", rb_file_flock, 1);

    rb_mFConst = rb_define_module_under(rb_cFile, "Constants");
    rb_include_module(rb_cIO, rb_mFConst);
    rb_file_const("LOCK_SH", INT2FIX(LOCK_SH));
    rb_file_const("LOCK_EX", INT2FIX(LOCK_EX));
    rb_file_const("LOCK_UN", INT2FIX(LOCK_UN));
    rb_file_const("LOCK_NB", INT2FIX(LOCK_NB));

    rb_define_method(rb_cFile, "path",  rb_file_path, 0);
    rb_define_global_function("test", rb_f_test, -1);

    rb_cStat = rb_define_class_under(rb_cFile, "Stat", rb_cObject);
    rb_define_alloc_func(rb_cStat,  rb_stat_s_alloc);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "initialize", rb_stat_init, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "initialize_copy", rb_stat_init_copy, 1);

    rb_include_module(rb_cStat, rb_mComparable);

    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "<=>", rb_stat_cmp, 1);

    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "dev", rb_stat_dev, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "dev_major", rb_stat_dev_major, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "dev_minor", rb_stat_dev_minor, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "ino", rb_stat_ino, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "mode", rb_stat_mode, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "nlink", rb_stat_nlink, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "uid", rb_stat_uid, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "gid", rb_stat_gid, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "rdev", rb_stat_rdev, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "rdev_major", rb_stat_rdev_major, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "rdev_minor", rb_stat_rdev_minor, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "size", rb_stat_size, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "blksize", rb_stat_blksize, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "blocks", rb_stat_blocks, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "atime", rb_stat_atime, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "mtime", rb_stat_mtime, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "ctime", rb_stat_ctime, 0);

    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "inspect", rb_stat_inspect, 0);

    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "ftype", rb_stat_ftype, 0);

    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "directory?",  rb_stat_d, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "readable?",  rb_stat_r, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "readable_real?",  rb_stat_R, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "writable?",  rb_stat_w, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "writable_real?",  rb_stat_W, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "executable?",  rb_stat_x, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "executable_real?",  rb_stat_X, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "file?",  rb_stat_f, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "zero?",  rb_stat_z, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "size?",  rb_stat_s, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "owned?",  rb_stat_owned, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "grpowned?",  rb_stat_grpowned, 0);

    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "pipe?",  rb_stat_p, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "symlink?",  rb_stat_l, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "socket?",  rb_stat_S, 0);

    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "blockdev?",  rb_stat_b, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "chardev?",  rb_stat_c, 0);

    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "setuid?",  rb_stat_suid, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "setgid?",  rb_stat_sgid, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cStat, "sticky?",  rb_stat_sticky, 0);
}

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