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math.c

//%Header {
/*****************************************************************************
 *
 * File: src/MushRuby/math.c (ruby)
 *
 * This file has been taken the ruby distribution and may have been modified.
 * For more information on the original see http://www.ruby-lang.org/.
 *
 * This file may contain original work and modifications by Andy Southgate.
 * In regard to these the author and his employer (Mushware Limited)
 * irrevocably waive all of their copyright rights vested in this particular
 * version of this file to the furthest extent permitted.  The author and
 * Mushware Limited also irrevocably waive any and all of their intellectual
 * property rights arising from said file and its modification and/or additions
 * that would otherwise restrict the rights of any party to use and/or
 * distribute the use of, the techniques and methods used herein.  A written
 * waiver can be obtained via http://www.mushware.com/.  This waiver does not
 * affect the rights of the original author or authors.
 *
 * This software carries NO WARRANTY of any kind from Andy Southgate or
 * Mushware Limited.
 *
 ****************************************************************************/
//%Header } 4WUcYtB7UD0L1VpWdAaSbQ
/**********************************************************************

  math.c -

 
  $Date: 2006/04/21 00:10:44 $
  created at: Tue Jan 25 14:12:56 JST 1994

  Copyright (C) 1993-2003 Yukihiro Matsumoto

**********************************************************************/

#include "ruby.h"
#include <math.h>
#include <errno.h>

VALUE rb_mMath;

#define Need_Float(x) (x) = rb_Float(x)
#define Need_Float2(x,y) do {\
    Need_Float(x);\
    Need_Float(y);\
} while (0)


/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.atan2(y, x)  => float
 *  
 *  Computes the arc tangent given <i>y</i> and <i>x</i>. Returns
 *  -PI..PI.
 *     
 */

static VALUE
math_atan2(obj, y, x)
    VALUE obj, x, y;
{
    Need_Float2(y, x);
    return rb_float_new(atan2(RFLOAT(y)->value, RFLOAT(x)->value));
}



/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.cos(x)    => float
 *  
 *  Computes the cosine of <i>x</i> (expressed in radians). Returns
 *  -1..1.
 */

static VALUE
math_cos(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    Need_Float(x);
    return rb_float_new(cos(RFLOAT(x)->value));
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.sin(x)    => float
 *  
 *  Computes the sine of <i>x</i> (expressed in radians). Returns
 *  -1..1.
 */

static VALUE
math_sin(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    Need_Float(x);

    return rb_float_new(sin(RFLOAT(x)->value));
}


/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.tan(x)    => float
 *  
 *  Returns the tangent of <i>x</i> (expressed in radians).
 */

static VALUE
math_tan(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    Need_Float(x);

    return rb_float_new(tan(RFLOAT(x)->value));
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.acos(x)    => float
 *  
 *  Computes the arc cosine of <i>x</i>. Returns 0..PI.
 */

static VALUE
math_acos(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    double d;

    Need_Float(x);
    errno = 0;
    d = acos(RFLOAT(x)->value);
    if (errno) {
      rb_sys_fail("acos");
    }
    return rb_float_new(d);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.asin(x)    => float
 *  
 *  Computes the arc sine of <i>x</i>. Returns 0..PI.
 */

static VALUE
math_asin(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    double d;

    Need_Float(x);
    errno = 0;
    d = asin(RFLOAT(x)->value);
    if (errno) {
      rb_sys_fail("asin");
    }
    return rb_float_new(d);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.atan(x)    => float
 *  
 *  Computes the arc tangent of <i>x</i>. Returns -{PI/2} .. {PI/2}.
 */

static VALUE
math_atan(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    Need_Float(x);
    return rb_float_new(atan(RFLOAT(x)->value));
}

#ifndef HAVE_COSH
double
cosh(x)
    double x;
{
    return (exp(x) + exp(-x)) / 2;
}
#endif

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.cosh(x)    => float
 *  
 *  Computes the hyperbolic cosine of <i>x</i> (expressed in radians).
 */

static VALUE
math_cosh(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    Need_Float(x);
    
    return rb_float_new(cosh(RFLOAT(x)->value));
}

#ifndef HAVE_SINH
double
sinh(x)
    double x;
{
    return (exp(x) - exp(-x)) / 2;
}
#endif

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.sinh(x)    => float
 *  
 *  Computes the hyperbolic sine of <i>x</i> (expressed in
 *  radians).
 */

static VALUE
math_sinh(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    Need_Float(x);
    return rb_float_new(sinh(RFLOAT(x)->value));
}

#ifndef HAVE_TANH
double
tanh(x)
    double x;
{
    return sinh(x) / cosh(x);
}
#endif

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.tanh()    => float
 *  
 *  Computes the hyperbolic tangent of <i>x</i> (expressed in
 *  radians).
 */

static VALUE
math_tanh(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    Need_Float(x);
    return rb_float_new(tanh(RFLOAT(x)->value));
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.acosh(x)    => float
 *  
 *  Computes the inverse hyperbolic cosine of <i>x</i>.
 */

static VALUE
math_acosh(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    double d;

    Need_Float(x);
    errno = 0;
    d = acosh(RFLOAT(x)->value);
    if (errno) {
      rb_sys_fail("acosh");
    }
    return rb_float_new(d);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.asinh(x)    => float
 *  
 *  Computes the inverse hyperbolic sine of <i>x</i>.
 */

static VALUE
math_asinh(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    Need_Float(x);
    return rb_float_new(asinh(RFLOAT(x)->value));
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.atanh(x)    => float
 *  
 *  Computes the inverse hyperbolic tangent of <i>x</i>.
 */

static VALUE
math_atanh(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    double d;

    Need_Float(x);
    errno = 0;
    d = atanh(RFLOAT(x)->value);
    if (errno) {
      rb_sys_fail("atanh");
    }
    return rb_float_new(d);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.exp(x)    => float
 *  
 *  Returns e**x.
 */

static VALUE
math_exp(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    Need_Float(x);
    return rb_float_new(exp(RFLOAT(x)->value));
}

#if defined __CYGWIN__
# include <cygwin/version.h>
# if CYGWIN_VERSION_DLL_MAJOR < 1005
#  define nan(x) nan()
# endif
# define log(x) ((x) < 0.0 ? nan("") : log(x))
# define log10(x) ((x) < 0.0 ? nan("") : log10(x))
#endif

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.log(numeric)    => float
 *  
 *  Returns the natural logarithm of <i>numeric</i>.
 */

static VALUE
math_log(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    double d;

    Need_Float(x);
    errno = 0;
    d = log(RFLOAT(x)->value);
    if (errno) {
      rb_sys_fail("log");
    }
    return rb_float_new(d);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.log10(numeric)    => float
 *  
 *  Returns the base 10 logarithm of <i>numeric</i>.
 */

static VALUE
math_log10(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    double d;

    Need_Float(x);
    errno = 0;
    d = log10(RFLOAT(x)->value);
    if (errno) {
      rb_sys_fail("log10");
    }
    return rb_float_new(d);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.sqrt(numeric)    => float
 *  
 *  Returns the non-negative square root of <i>numeric</i>. Raises
 *  <code>ArgError</code> if <i>numeric</i> is less than zero.
 */

static VALUE
math_sqrt(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    double d;

    Need_Float(x);
    errno = 0;
    d = sqrt(RFLOAT(x)->value);
    if (errno) {
      rb_sys_fail("sqrt");
    }
    return rb_float_new(d);
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.frexp(numeric)    => [ fraction, exponent ]
 *  
 *  Returns a two-element array containing the normalized fraction (a
 *  <code>Float</code>) and exponent (a <code>Fixnum</code>) of
 *  <i>numeric</i>.
 *     
 *     fraction, exponent = Math.frexp(1234)   #=> [0.6025390625, 11]
 *     fraction * 2**exponent                  #=> 1234.0
 */

static VALUE
math_frexp(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    double d;
    int exp;

    Need_Float(x);
    
    d = frexp(RFLOAT(x)->value, &exp);
    return rb_assoc_new(rb_float_new(d), INT2NUM(exp));
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.ldexp(flt, int) -> float
 *  
 *  Returns the value of <i>flt</i>*(2**<i>int</i>).
 *     
 *     fraction, exponent = Math.frexp(1234)
 *     Math.ldexp(fraction, exponent)   #=> 1234.0
 */

static VALUE
math_ldexp(obj, x, n)
    VALUE obj, x, n;
{
    Need_Float(x);
    return rb_float_new(ldexp(RFLOAT(x)->value, NUM2INT(n)));
}

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     Math.hypot(x, y)    => float
 *  
 *  Returns sqrt(x**2 + y**2), the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle
 *  with sides <i>x</i> and <i>y</i>.
 *     
 *     Math.hypot(3, 4)   #=> 5.0
 */

static VALUE
math_hypot(obj, x, y)
    VALUE obj, x, y;
{
    Need_Float2(x, y);
    return rb_float_new(hypot(RFLOAT(x)->value, RFLOAT(y)->value));
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    Math.erf(x)  => float
 *
 *  Calculates the error function of x.
 */

static VALUE
math_erf(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    Need_Float(x);
    return rb_float_new(erf(RFLOAT(x)->value));
}

/*
 * call-seq:
 *    Math.erfc(x)  => float
 *
 *  Calculates the complementary error function of x.
 */

static VALUE
math_erfc(obj, x)
    VALUE obj, x;
{
    Need_Float(x);
    return rb_float_new(erfc(RFLOAT(x)->value));
}

/*
 *  The <code>Math</code> module contains module functions for basic
 *  trigonometric and transcendental functions. See class
 *  <code>Float</code> for a list of constants that
 *  define Ruby's floating point accuracy.
 */     


void
Init_Math()
{
    rb_mMath = rb_define_module("Math");

#ifdef M_PI
    rb_define_const(rb_mMath, "PI", rb_float_new(M_PI));
#else
    rb_define_const(rb_mMath, "PI", rb_float_new(atan(1.0)*4.0));
#endif

#ifdef M_E
    rb_define_const(rb_mMath, "E", rb_float_new(M_E));
#else
    rb_define_const(rb_mMath, "E", rb_float_new(exp(1.0)));
#endif

    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "atan2", math_atan2, 2);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "cos", math_cos, 1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "sin", math_sin, 1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "tan", math_tan, 1);

    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "acos", math_acos, 1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "asin", math_asin, 1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "atan", math_atan, 1);

    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "cosh", math_cosh, 1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "sinh", math_sinh, 1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "tanh", math_tanh, 1);

    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "acosh", math_acosh, 1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "asinh", math_asinh, 1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "atanh", math_atanh, 1);

    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "exp", math_exp, 1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "log", math_log, 1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "log10", math_log10, 1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "sqrt", math_sqrt, 1);

    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "frexp", math_frexp, 1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "ldexp", math_ldexp, 2);

    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "hypot", math_hypot, 2);

    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "erf",  math_erf,  1);
    rb_define_module_function(rb_mMath, "erfc", math_erfc, 1);
}

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